What would provide evidence that habituation has occurred?( - Essay Prowess

What would provide evidence that habituation has occurred?(

What would provide evidence that habituation has occurred?(

Psych19 exam 2 1.What would provide evidence that habituation has occurred?(Points : 2)      [removed] The infant opens her mouth to mimic the mother’s open mouth.
      [removed] The infant visually follows the caregiver who is walking across the room.
      [removed] The infant’s response decreases each time she sees the same red teddy bear.
      [removed] The infants pays attention to a new toy handed to her.

Question 2.2.Plasticity means ____.(Points : 2)      [removed] the neurons in the infant’s brain are connected in a random manner, and all the patterns depend on experience
      [removed] the basic organization of areas of the brain depend on early experience
      [removed] there is no relationship between experience and neural development
      [removed] sensory experiences can strengthen certain neural pathways; less used pathways may disappear

Question 3.3.The relatively stable characteristics of a child’s response to the environment including activity level, sociability, and emotionality are called ____.(Points : 2)      [removed] temperament
      [removed] reflexes
      [removed] attachment
      [removed] personality

Question 4.4.Motor reflexes undergo some transformations during infancy. What is the typical pattern of change? Think about reaching and grasping as an example.(Points : 2)      [removed] Motor control begins in the hands and fingers and moves toward the trunk.
      [removed] Motor control shifts from the feet to the hands and shoulders.
      [removed] Involuntary behavior disappears and voluntary behavior emerges with practice.
      [removed] Voluntary behavior becomes involuntary behavior.

Question 5.5.Infants who exhibit a pattern of intense negative reactions to unfamiliar objects, negative mood, and are slow to adapt are displaying which type of temperament?(Points : 2)      [removed] difficult
      [removed] shy
      [removed] uninhibited
      [removed] slow to warm up

Question 6.6.Which of the following behaviors is NOT used as evidence that an attachment has been formed?(Points : 2)      [removed] greater relaxation and expressions of comfort with the caregiver
      [removed] greater distress with the caregiver than with strangers
      [removed] expressions of distress when the caregiver is absent
      [removed] efforts by the infant to maintain contact with the caregiver

Question 7.7.Babies who avoid contact with their mothers after separation or who ignore her efforts to interact have a(n) ____ attachment.(Points : 2)      [removed] secure
      [removed] insecure
      [removed] anxious-resistant
      [removed] anxious-avoidant

Question 8.8.Which attachment pattern is linked with the most serious mental health problems in later childhood?(Points : 2)      [removed] anxious-avoidant
      [removed] anxious-resistant
      [removed] secure
      [removed] disorganized

Question 9.9.Which of the following has been consistently observed to be a consequence of secure attachments formed in infancy?(Points : 2)      [removed] success in job placement after college
      [removed] positive, close peer relationships in childhood and adolescence
      [removed] meaningful relationships with one’s grandchildren in later adulthood
      [removed] an ability to face one’s death without great fear

Question 10.10.Which statement best reflects the apparent connection between infant temperament and attachment?(Points : 2)      [removed] The infant’s temperament influences parental interactions with the infant to form attachment.
      [removed] An infant’s temperament is a strong predictor of the type of attachment that will be formed.
      [removed] The infant’s temperament influences the caregiver’s self-esteem.
      [removed] Only sociable babies form secure attachments.

Question 11.11.In the study of an intervention with mothers and infants who were classified as having an anxious attachment, which one of the following was an outcome of the intervention?(Points : 2)      [removed] The mothers increased their self-acceptance.
      [removed] The mothers showed greater empathy for their children.
      [removed] The children improved in their ability to regulate their behavior in coordination with their mother’s.
      [removed] All of these.

Question 12.12.According to the “Theory” theory, infants start out with some basic sensory, motor, and cognitive structures. What might modify these structures?(Points : 2)      [removed] experiences that provide new information
      [removed] experiences that support and confirm the structures
      [removed] gazing and concentrating
      [removed] parental warmth

Question 13.13.What are the first and last phases in the development of causal schemes during the sensorimotor period?(Points : 2)      [removed] reflexes; experimentation with new means
      [removed] reflexes; insight
      [removed] first habits; insight
      [removed] first habits; experimentation with means

Question 14.14.Objects do not cease to exist when they are out of reach or view. This concept is referred to as ____.(Points : 2)      [removed] scheme
      [removed] primitive causality
      [removed] means-end relationship
      [removed] object permanence