The United Nations is a global association framed in 1945 to increase political and economic collaboration among its part nations. It currently consists of 193 member states (Al Jazeera, 2018). The UN organization is directed by the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council (UN, 2018).
Prior to the establishment of the UN, the league of nations organization was responsible for maintaining world peace (History of the UN, 2018). However, it was deemed after the failure in world war 2. The UN organization was named by the united states president Franklin Roosevelt, as a description for the allied forces of the second world war (History of the UN, 2018). After the world war 2, specifically, on the 24th of September, the UN was established where the organization aimed to prevent such a conflict again (History of the UN, 2018). In 1945, 51 countries gathered in San Francisco to sign a document which evidences their union and collaboration between the UN members (BBC, 2018).
The united nations organization is trying to expand the presence of their administrators as much as possible (BBC, 2018). In fact, so many branches are suited in different parts of the world, having a presence in 27 countries including; The United Kingdom, Canada and Lebanon, and many other nations especially in Europe (UN, 2018). To be specific, 12 branches out of the 27 countries is based within the European borders. Moreover, the united nations headquarters are based in New York, Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi (visit the UN, 2018). Which reflects the huge effort spent by the administration of the UN so that they deliver the best service to people.
The UN is well known for the crucial role they play towards environmental work (UN Environment, 2018). For instance, marine protected areas; securing the marine condition likewise requires successful administration and sharing of expenses (UN Environment, 2018). At last, representing the seas economically could see Marine Protected Areas as a beginning for the imperative monetary and social advantages condition (Visit the UN, 2018)
UN Environment works with people around the globe to drive the changes that the planet needs (Visit the UN, 2018). As an example, solar technologies were from the first technologies that have been adopted in order to accomplish the basic electricity need in rural places as it is estimated that 780 million people will stay without a proper shelter (UN Environment, 2018). Thus, it will be helpful for those people who are struggling financially.
The role of the ethics office in the UN is to make sure that the employees are doing their best in a very high standard, as it is a must by the Charter of the united nations (Ethics of the UN, 2018). However, it consists of four values which are; respect, integrity, being honest, responsibility (Ethics of the UN, 2018).
The Ethics Office serves the Global Secretariat, incorporating obligation stations in New York, Geneva, Vienna, and Nairobi (BBC, 2018). Importantly, every single territorial commission, peacekeeping tasks, extraordinary political missions; and other assigned workplaces (Ethics of the UN, 2018). The UN gives a safe, secret condition where staff can don’t hesitate to counsel on moral issues and look for assurance against striking back for detailing unfortunate behavior (Visit the UN, 2018).
Since the United Nations was incepted, the general assembly has always been forums of numerous lofty declarations, at times rigorous debate, and audacious rhetoric over the world’s difficult issues ranging from peace and security to poverty (United Nations, 2018). The assembly normally debates from the New York headquarters from Sept-Dec convening special sessions in addressing numerous issues (Luard 2016). Last year, the general assembly opened on Sept 12, 2017, with government and heads of state that convened for general debate to talk about nuclear disarmament, combating trafficking in persons, African development, indigenous people’s rights, climate change, and others.
The United Nations is devoted to enhancing full employment, a higher standard of living, and conditions of economic development and progress (United Nations, 2018). The council always directs and responds to activities, which are aimed at enhancing the economic growth of the developing nations, supports human rights and fosters the world cooperation to fight under development and end poverty. The General assembly decided to set up several specialized agencies like UNESCO (United Nations educational, scientific, and cultural organization, UNICEF (The UN children’s Fund, UNHCR Office of the UN High Commissioner for refugees, WHO (World health organization), FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization. The agencies have greatly helped in saving lives across the world, mostly in Africa and Asia. The poor children, through the agencies like UNESCO AND UNICEF are in a position to get education, proper treatment and get food. Such efforts have reduced suffering in the world and transformed the lives of millions of children.
Technology may act as safe space for the governments and civil society to engage with each other if embraced by all people involved. UNICEF provides several modalities for engaging in the sustainable development Goals, which includes technology (United Nations, 2018). The UN understands that the widespread connectivity for internet enables most your people to engage in different campaigns and it is critical for UN to support initiatives that can enhance internet’s use across the world (United Nations 2018). The United Nations claims that if it wants to eradicate poverty and even reorient the Sustainable trajectories of development over 2015-2030.
There is a need for affordable solutions of technology to be developed disseminated across the world for the coming 15 years (United Nations Department of Economic 2008). Such shows that post 2015 development agenda implementation and Addis Ababa action agenda could provide a good chance of addressing the gaps that hinder transfer and facilitation of such technologies (United Nations 2018). On 12 May, the United Nations commission on science and technology for development (UN CSTD) reaffirmed its role as a torchbearer for innovation, technology, and science for development (Conforti and Focarelli 2016). There is a technological gap mostly between some countries with regards to technology and gender (Luard 2016). UN has recorded son key actions for intentional community and countries to progress in closing the technology and science with relation to the gender gaps.
Countries have called for its deeper cooperation so that they can achieve zero hunger by 2030, extend benefits if science and technology building capacity at global and national levels to progress on the SDGs (United Nations 2018). In light of this, China has offered to support the programs of capacity building which involves policy development of technology, and sponsoring young scientists from the developing nations to be traded in China,
Democracy is an ideal, which is among the core principles and values of the UN. It gives an environment for effective realization and protection of human rights (United Nations 2018). Such values are normally embodied in the Universal declaration of human rights and are developed in the international covenant on civil and political rights that enshrines numerous civil and political liberties that underpin the meaningful democracies.
The activities of the United Nations in supporting governance and democracy are usually called out through UNDP (United Nations Development Program), Department of Peacekeeping Operations, United Nations Democracy Fund, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights and The UN Women (United Nations for Gender And Equality and The Empowerment of Women, and others (Kim 2010). These activities can be separated from the UNs task of protecting human rights, development, security, and peace. UN does the following
UN in is development policy emphasizes the cultural diversity. UNESCO claims that it has a responsibility of reminding every state that cultural diversity is a major issue Visit (The UN, 2018). Development is supposed to achieve a more satisfactory emotional, intellectual, spiritual, and moral existence (United Nations 2018). Therefore, culture cannot be separated from development strengthening the cultural contributions to the SDGs that was launched in line with the World Decade for Cultural Development (1988 to 1998) (Meisler 2011). Since then, progress is made because there are instruments of the corpus of standard setting and tools of demonstration like inventories, national and regional cultural resources mapping,
In light of this, its main challenge is convincing the local, international, and political decision-makers to integral the cultural diversity principles and cultural pluralism values into every public officer, practices, and mechanism through private and public partnerships (The UN 2018). The strategy aims at incepting culture into every policy development, related to communication since education, environment health o cultural tourism (United Nations 2018). Also, it is critical in supporting the cultural sector development through the creative industries. When such contributions are made with respect to alleviating poverty, social cohesion is developed.
UN’s role on social development is always guided by different international agreements which includes the Copenhagen Declaration on Social Development and Program of Action of the World Summit for Social Development, Madrid international plan for action on ageing, intentional nuclear of the family objectives, World Program of Action On Youth, High Level Meeting on Disability and Development Outcome, and 3RD United Nations Decade For The Eradication of poverty. UN Division for Inclusive Social Development is committed to enhancing effective policy impact and enhances dialogue on the issues of social development in supporting the achievement of social inclusion, eradication of poverty, reduction inequalities, poverty eradication, others.
To sum it up, the United Nations organization is playing an important role in helping humanity, by compromising their values, and by taking care of the environment. Because of the fact that they are present in every continent and having more than 27 branches, it reflects the huge effort by the institution. The institution affects different aspects of the society—technological, social, cultural, international, economic, political, and others. In other words, United Nations acts as a body that caters for the needs of humanity across the world by responding to people’s needs and interests.
Visit The UN. (2018). United Nations Visitor Centre. [online] Available at: https://visit.un.org [Accessed 1 Feb. 2018