Research and identify solutions implemented at five other hospital in the U.S that were dealing with the same issues
Hospitals in the United States have recorded a high prevalence of clinical errors. In 2013, more than 44, 000 deaths were reported in the country due to clinical errors. Such mortalities are majorly a product of process errors or inabilities to offer endorsed treatment for patients with particular medical conditions. The nation incurs more than $17 billion per year owing to direct clinical costs. In this regard, these errors cause a significant challenge on both the society and healthcare systems. Information technology (IT) in healthcare such are computerized physician and electronic health records have been reported to enhance the quality of health care by reducing costs and elimination of clinical errors. Precisely, they are aimed at strengthening care among distinct providers within a hospital setting (Zimmerman, 2012). Moreover, such technologies enables execution of care strategies and tools that support decision making that may be predominantly respected in averting process errors.
A study conducted by Zimmerman, (2012) highlighted that embracing IT in Texas hospitals was instrumental in reducing duration-of-stay, complications, and inpatient deaths. The sample included 3,401 US hospitals. In this regard, empirical evidence emphasized that use of information technology was associated with improvement of quality of service in the hospitals. The study also examined the interaction between process-quality variables and computerized practitioner order entry. The findings highlighted that, hospitals that have installed the new technologies reported better outcomes (Zimmerman, 2012).
Precisely, the utilization of electronic medical records and computerized medical doctor order entry lead to substantial enhancement in quality results. The computerized medical doctor order entry is software that helps physicians in producing and obtaining orders for laboratory tests, prescriptions and other services (Zimmerman, 2012). The study concluded that health IT mechanisms has the capability to enhance the quality of health care and minimize costs. Precisely, they are intended to enhance communication among the different health care providers. Moreover, such technologies expedite the execution of care strategies and decision-sustenance tools that may be predominantly valuable in eradication of process errors.
After the enactment of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) there was provision of monetary incentives for health facilities to ensure that, they grow to significant utilizers of health IT (Zimmerman, 2012). The study also established that hospital decisions control the process quality. The research was conducted for four years from 2004 to 2007. The researcher included the non-federal US hospitals, which focussed on acute care. The hospitals were divided into non-academic and academic hospitals. The quality measures mainly demonstrate the prescription administration procedure. Both the automated health records and electronic practitioner order entry are intended to communicate and detect information appropriate to prescription delivery and prescribing. More importantly, the findings indicated that adoption of health IT had higher positive impacts in academic hospitals as compared to the non-academic hospitals (Zimmerman, 2012).
Another study by Cresswell, Bates & Sheikh, (2013) pointed out that hospitals in the US have taken an initiative to implement transformative and large-scale