Leaders or Mangers for Difficult Times by Fincham describes the qualities of good managers and successful leaders. The article explains the ethical lapses facing pharmacy and pharmacists in the contemporary society and how leaders can use both managerial and leadership skills to solve problems not just in pharmacy but in other organisations (Fincham, 1). The problems include distribution and importation of medications that are either counterfeit or out-dated. The author argues that these challenges can be solved through exemplary skills in management and leadership. Leaders can offer unlimited solutions to major and minor challenges facing many organizations (Fincham, 2). Management is a process of organising a complicated system of technology and people to efficiently achieve its mandate. Therefore, leaders should utilize functions of management for successful future (Fincham, 3). Good leaders are capable to inspire and motivate other individuals to move forward and be successful.
Kotter’s argues that leadership determines the success or failure in the organisation’s future. Leaders are capable of organising, as well as motivating people in the right directions. Therefore, success in the future can only be achieved when leaders are visionary and are capable to possess interpersonal skills (Fincham, 2). Brighter future can only be accomplished if leaders are capable of identifying their strengths and weaknesses. In addition, they are capable of seeing the potential of others despite errors and move forward to bring the best out of them to make progressive future (Armstrong, Michael, and Tina, 10). Therefore, for successful future in organisation, leaders must possess the ability to see the big picture, lead and manage ethically and possess skills to influence organisation’s senior management
Kotter suggest that leading and managing should be complementary because individuals should possess both leadership and management skills (Fincham, 2). According to Kotter, leadership consist of accurate communication skills and strategic thinking. Besides leaders must also involve others in the management so that they can add ideas for optimal success (Armstrong, Michael, and Tina, 11). Additionally leaders should also incorporate the views, options and concerns raised by their juniors. This will ensure that they get dynamic perspective of real life that will achieve long-term success.
On the other hand, Kotter suggest that management involve a set of process that ensures that a complicated system of individuals and technology is operating effectively. Therefore, leaders need to be good managers to effectively maintain high standards of coordination of organisation’s activities. Besides leaders must install vision and confidence to people who are following them so as to move the enterprise forward (Fincham, 1). Besides leaders motivates, inspires and move others to help focus the organisation in the right direction. However, if an organisation is unable to do that, it will not be in a position to coordinate daily operations as well as failure to achieve its goals and objectives. Organisation can operate its daily activities with managers but it takes a good leader to make it successful.
List and discuss the functions of management mentioned in the article
The article highlights five essential functions of management (Fincham, 2). First, budgeting involves process of allocation of resources to the operations of the organisations. This may include assets, cost and expenses as well as strategic plans of organisation’s units. This enables the managers to take appropriate measures in case of monetary issues. Secondly management involves proper organising skills. This will enable managers to coordinate different departments so that they can work efficiently (Armstrong, Michael, and Tina, 12). Organising ensures that there is optimum utilization of resources so that the organisation can achieve their goals.
Thirdly, manager should possess proper planning skills. Managers who are good planners are able to prepare for operation in advance toward the organisation goals and objectives (Armstrong, Michael, and Tina, 15). Fourthly, management involves adequately allocating specific duties and roles to staffs. Adequate staffing is crucial in every organisation because it determines the performance and well as the expected outcomes of workers (Fincham, 2). Lastly, managers should possess the problem solving skills. This will ensure that there is good working relation within the organisation so that conducive working environment is achieved.
Armstrong, Michael, and Tina Stephens. A Handbook of Management And Leadership. 1st ed. London and Sterling, VA: Kogan Page, 2005. Print.
Fincham, Jack E. “Leaders or managers for difficult times.” American journal of pharmaceutical education 73.2 (2009).