Social Work Aging Diversity
Older women of color show more resilience to diseases, economic and social hardships. Elder caregiving varies by race, gender and social economic status such as among the Hispanics, Native Americans and African Americans. Although these variables independently affect health, they intersect in the lives of the elder patients. Elderly mothers live longer as compared to their men counterparts (Van Wormer, Sudduth, and Jackson, 2011). In this respect, they are more likely than men to live alone, lack crucial support and live in poverty. In addition, research has documented that more than 67 per cent of caregivers in families are women, with mothers offering care to spouses while adult daughters providing support for elderly patients (Becker, and Newsom, 2005). Racial discrimination and structural inequalities have developed inequities in health, education, wealth, and income. The majority of women and men of color enter old age after continuous limitations throughout their lifetime (Van Wormer, Sudduth, and Jackson, 2011). The reason for that is restricting the chances to accumulate the retirement savings. In addition, lack of a better health care ultimately leads to poor health.
Socioeconomic status and elder care
Socioeconomic statuses of the elderly affect the quality of life and type of care provided. Many elderly African Americans have insufficient resources. Most studies show that 54 percent of households cannot pay for their medical expenses even using pension incomes, social security benefits and financial net worth combined. In 2008, for instance, the 20.3 per cent of elderly people had less than $10 000 (Van Wormer, Sudduth, and Jackson, 2011). Therefore, economic challenges usually increase the financial burden, strain, and hardship for their families. On the contrary, people with a higher socioeconomic status tend to purchase elder care rather than offering physical assistance themselves (Conway-Turner, 1999). Inadequate resources force the African American poor population to provide direct care themselves instead of hiring a professional caregiver. When the African American poor buy formal services, they utilize them for short time.
The rate of poverty among African American women, who live alone, is four to five times more as compared to their married counterparts (Becker, and Newsom, 2005). Additionally, African American households headed by women are twice likely to be poor as compared to Native Americans whites in their old age (Van Wormer, Sudduth, and Jackson, 2011). Furthermore, older women are likely to be affected by illnesses. There are more health di