Sample Essay:homeland security Webography - Essay Prowess

Sample Essay:homeland security Webography

Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) Webography

Overview:

A weapon of mass destruction is a weapon in form of nuclear, chemical, radiological, biological that can cause deaths of many people or render critical harm. The use and extension of this kind of weapons is a serious concern to all nations in the world and subject to heated discussions. Today, the most conceivable dangers identified with weapons of mass destruction in the Russian Federation do not originate from motion picture like situations, for example, a flighty government way to deal with nuclear prevention. Since use of nuclear weapons in the Second World War, there has been cautious approach to the use and research on weapons of mass destruction.

Sources:

Weapons of Mass Destruction ……………………………………………………………..…pg 3

Weapons of Mass Destruction ………………………………………………………………..pg 4

https://www.fbi.gov/investigate/wmd

Nuclear Terrorism – Imminent Threat?……………………………………………………….pg 5

http://wmdcenter.ndu.edu/Media/News/Article/1375207/nuclear-terrorism-imminent-threat/

Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation………………………………….……………………pg 6

https://www.csis.org/topics/defense-and-security/weapons-mass-destruction-proliferation

5 Weapons of Mass Destruction the U.S. Military Uses Every Day………………………….pg 7

https://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelpeck/2013/04/29/974/#4e3f29f61aab

Weapon of mass destruction…………………………………………………………………..pg 8

https://www.britannica.com/technology/weapon-of-mass-destruction

Weapons of Mass Destruction ………………………………………………………………..pg 9

https://www.hampshire.edu/pawss/weapons-of-mass-destruction

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Weapons of mass destruction include all weapons that can not only harm people but also have repercussions on future generals. This is in light of the fact that most weapons of mass destruction have effects on the health of survivors. Most countries in Asia and the Pacific have since quite a while ago understood that demobilization and non-multiplication stay crucial to making a domain good to peace, security and improvement. UN bodies such as Disarmament Commission and Conference on Disarmament focus on ending the use of weapons of mass destruction.

Tim Caughley, UNIDIR Ambassador, presenting at the 24th Conference on Disarmament Issues on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons in Shizuoka, Japan.

States in the Pacific and Asia have encountered direct impacts of WMDs. For this reason, the region has expected a position of authority in the worldwide crusade to illegalize the use of WMDs. In September 2012, the five nuclear-weapon states marked a joint revelation that perceived Mongolia’s nuclear sans weapon status, as well as conferred them to regard that status and not add to any demonstration that would damage it.

Weapons of Mass Destruction

As per national approach, weapons of mass destruction refer to weapons, materials or gadgets that are expected to cause deaths or genuine harm to countless numbers of people. Markers of this expanding risk incorporate the September 11 attacks as well as other terrorists’ activities. The United States Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) decided the requirement for a program that met the present risk. The bureau also readied a workforce to counter future dangers and react proactively to risks that could cause deaths of many people.

As of now, the Directorate has accomplished FBI National Program status. This portrays its impact on the Bureau’s program on weapons of mass destruction since its inception. The Directorate oversight over activities focuses on handling any threat associated with weapons of mass destruction. In 2005, Robert Mueller, the Director asked for that the recently shaped National Security Branch. This was meant to outline a hierarchical component to deal with the threat of weapons of mass destruction. By mid-2006, the bureau had set up the weapons of mass destruction Directorate. Terrorism is developing United States national security dangers. In that regard, the Director of National Intelligence has expressed fears that many terrorists have communicated their goal to use weapons of mass destruction such as nuclear weapons. This is a threat that many nations are aware of and one that needs critical attention and proactive measures.

The FBI’s Directorate for WMDs is meant to construct a firm and composed way to deal with the threats associated with the use of weapons of mass destruction. The Directorate proactively searches all threats that are linked with WMDs and deals with them before they come into action.

Nuclear Terrorism – Imminent Threat?

Nuclear terrorism dangers could come to fruition in three general pathways: the ponder exchange of nuclear material from a state to a terrorist group or non-state on-screen character; the offer of nuclear materials to a non-state performer on the bootleg market, which may wind up in the hands of a terrorist group; and, the robbery or “spillage,” or unexpected redirection of nuclear material from a state program.

The subject of whether terrorists would have the capacity to take a genuine nuclear weapon from a nuclear-equipped state, while possible, is exceptionally dangerous because of the remarkable security managed nuclear weapons. The dread of a nuclear end of the world because of terrorists has been intensified in the media, in motion pictures and books, and by political pioneers’ announcements since 9/. Consideration as a rule is attracted to those nuclear states with apparent not as much as ideal security over their reserves and weapons; and numerous experts bring up that the spread of nuclear weapons to North Korea, and possibly Iran, builds the danger of terrorists gaining admittance to nuclear material or weapons through agreement with administration authorities, or absence of powerful oversight or security.

Terrorism specialists and experts have talked about this for a considerable length of time, and no accord exists regarding why the world has not seen terrorists prevail at executing a nuclear attack. In spite of the appearing certainty of a terrorist attack with a nuclear weapon, terrorists might be considerably less inclined to lead such an attack than most investigators and policymakers anticipate. For example, nuclear terrorism is hard to achieve, both in fact and operationally. Moreover, there is no reason for a by all appearances suspicion that would-be nuclear terrorists can’t be upset, if not hindered, from directing a nuclear attack.

Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation

As indicated in this source, the universal group thinks about the ponder utilization of chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear gadgets as extraordinarily loathsome. In spite of these endeavors, there is worry over the global group about the spread and restricted utilization of WMD. The Project on Nuclear Issues, International Security Program and Proliferation Prevention Program direct auspicious research and investigation on countering the spread of WMDs. This is light of the use of chemical weapons in Syria where lives of many people were put at risk. The dread of these weapons is profound to the point that, from one viewpoint, it produced a completely new idea of contention and peace promotion as discouragement. Then again, it likewise prompted the foundation of a hearty global engineering of laws, arrangements, assentions, and standards intended to keep the multiplication and utilization of these weapons.

Biological weapons have not been used but remain a threat since their repercussions are very complicated. For instance, the Second World War lice in zones of China by the Japanese remains clear in memories of people concerned with the use of biological weapons. In any case, the relative straightforwardness with which both biological created and used is concern to many nations especially in an era where biological research is conducted with utmost finesse. The end of the Cold War is considered a start of comprehensive research on WMDs.

5 Weapons of Mass Destruction the U.S. Military Uses Every Day

The author clarifies how people see WMDs as weapons of mystery such nuclear bombs. To bring this into light, author cites the Boston Marathon Bombers. In this case, the bombers were accused of developing weapons that put the lives of many people at risk including the deaths and injuries to many people. The source explains plots 5 weapons of mass destruction including any damaging gadget as characterized in segment 921 of WMD. This also includes weapons that are used to cause deaths or genuine damage through the discharge of lethal or toxic chemicals. The list also includes any weapon including a biological specialist or poison. Additionally, anything that is intended to discharge radioactivity or radiation is considered a weapon of mass destruction. Lastly, a gadget that can harm many people is also a weapon of mass destruction.

The source puts into point of view how WMD have changed throughout the years, and would now be able to be made out of family things. Additionally down the article, Peck (2013) starts depicting particular WMD weapons that the United States military uses every day, and how they could conceivably be arraigned by remote nations on the off chance that they embraced comparative laws.

In any case, Section 921, the part that characterizes weapons of mass destruction as damaging gadgets is the place the law gets intriguing. For motivation behind a weapon of mass destruction, a damaging gadget is characterized as a bomb, projectile, rocket having a force charge of in excess of four ounces, rocket, mine or gadget like any of the gadgets portrayed in the previous provisos.

Weapon of Mass Destruction

According to this source, weapons of mass destruction can kill or destroy on a massive scale. For this reasons, a weapon of mass destruction in the hands of an antagonistic can be viewed as a terrible risk. The term has been used since1937 when it was utilized to portray massed arrangements of plane flying machine. Around then these high-flying ships of the air appeared to represent a relentless danger to regular citizen focuses situated a long way from any war front. Current WMDs include biological, chemical and nuclear/atomic weapons.

Chemical weapons consist of gases and liquids that gag their casualties. These weapons can harm their victim’s blood, disturb their sensory system or rankle the victim’s skin. Biological weapons contain regular poisons or irresistible operators, for example, microbes, infections, or parasites; splashed or burst over populated territories, they may cause constrained yet serious flare-ups of such destructive ailments as Bacillus anthracis, pneumonic torment, or smallpox. Biological weapons have not been utilized as a part of present day war since the Japanese spread torment tainted lice. Without a doubt, since the finish of the Cold War the fundamental concern in regards to the sum total of what WMD has been expansion.

Weapons of Mass Destruction

In spite of the fact that the term WMD gives helpful shorthand to mass-loss weapons, there are imperative contrasts in the attributes, impacts and military parts of different nuclear, chemical, and biological weapons. Nuclear weapons remain a threat that has been research by many people including nations such as North Korea. As revealed by specialist, nuclear weapons can kill many people in hours. In that regard, nuclear weapons remain a special case when analyzing weapons of mass destruction (Reed, 2017).

While the mass executing of people is not another element of fighting, WMDs represent an extraordinary factor when thinking of security. This is a major concern to any nation in the world and one that keeps many nations in research. Due to the risks associated with WMDs, issues emerge from the spread of these weapons. Therefore, the related advancements in their research could also put the world at risk especially in an era where terrorist groups are adapting to innovations. There is deficient and conflicting data accessible on the nuclear reserves of India, Pakistan and Israel. Most specialists trust that the nuclear weapons in these nations are just halfway conveyed. Much more noteworthy vulnerability encompasses the status of North Korea’s nuclear program, however a few experts evaluate that North Korea may have effectively worked upwards of 13 nuclear weapons.

Summary

Weapons of mass destruction are serious concern to many people in light of the fact that they can kill many people in a very short time. For example, an expansive thermonuclear weapon dropped on a highly populated city can kill many people in a short time. Likewise, the radiation resulting from the weapon can affect people miles away. Right now, Russia and United States are considered to have a lot of information and resources pertaining to nuclear research. In light of administrative mystery, it is difficult to give correct figures on the cosmetics and yield of worldwide nuclear arms stockpiles.

Chemical weapons are remarkable on account of the far reaching and longstanding business and military involvement in assembling their constituents. Particularly contrasted and nuclear weapons, chemical weapons are extensively simpler and less expensive to make. Numerous risky chemical constituents thus called antecedents of chemical weapons are presently economically accessible. Biological weapons, which make utilization of deadly microbes, infections, or poisons, are recognized by their significantly wild nature: once released, a biological specialist, for example, smallpox can spread rapidly to cause a scourge in human populaces.

References

Britannica (2017). Weapon of mass destruction. Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/technology/weapon-of-mass-destruction

CSIS (nd). Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation. Retrieved from https://www.csis.org/topics/defense-and-security/weapons-mass-destruction-proliferation

FBI (nd). Weapons of Mass Destruction. Retrieved from https://www.fbi.gov/investigate/wmd  

Melley, G. (2017). Nuclear Terrorism – Imminent Threat? InterAgency Journal Vol. 8, Issue 3. Retrieved from http://wmdcenter.ndu.edu/Media/News/Article/1375207/nuclear-terrorism-imminent-threat/

Peck, M. (2013). 5 Weapons of Mass Destruction the U.S. Military Uses Every Day. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/michaelpeck/2013/04/29/974/#4e3f29f61aab

Reed, L. (2017). Weapons of Mass Destruction. Retrieved from https://www.hampshire.edu/pawss/weapons-of-mass-destruction

UNRCPD. (nd). Weapons of Mass Destruction. Retrieved from http://unrcpd.org/wmd/

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