The environment we live is a fundamental natural resource that supports the lives of human beings and animals. It is through the environment that plants and animals acquire basic resources that support their survival, such as air, water and food. Despite this, the present generation rarely acknowledges the contribution and importance of the environment not only in the provision of basic resources, but also for the survival of future generations. This is due to the fact that the environment has been excessively exploited through anthropogenic activities such as the burning of fossil fuels, uncontrolled cutting down of trees, reduction in wetlands, soil degradation, deterioration of coastal ecosystems, and the extinction of species. In this list, cutting down of trees as well as the excessive use of fossil fuels have been the major environmental threats that have been hurting the environment and the climate. The use of fossil fuels has been contributing to the occurrence of global warming, which is the equivocal increase of the average world`s temperatures beyond the normal levels. Global warming occurs as a result of excessive accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide, methane, water vapor, nitrous oxide, ozone, chlorofluorocarbons and hydrofluorocarbons (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2018). When these gases are released into the atmosphere, they form a thick blanket which prevents air from escaping into the atmosphere.
Global warming had been posing a number of adverse impacts not only to the present generation of human beings and animals, but also jeopardizing sustainable development. Precisely, global warming has been the major contributing factor for the increase of numerous communicable and non-communicable diseases, emergence and re-emergence of pests, flooding of lowland areas, and destruction of ecological habitats for wild animals, drought and famine, among others (United, Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2013. Currently, the world`s forest level is decreasing with approximately 3.3 million hectares per year, and this is equivalent to twice the area of Japan`s Shikoku island. Considering that we are members of the international community, there is a need for the creation of a society that conserves the environment. This paper pays high attention to the various environmental conservation measures that can be embraced and implemented without further delay.
Considering that the use of fossil fuels has been the major cause for environmental degradation in the present times, there is need to abolish the use of these non-renewable energy sources and instead adopt the use of renewable energy sources. There are numerous alternatives to fossil fuels which can be embraced, including solar power, wind power, hydroelectricity, biomass and geothermal energy. Solar power comes from the sun, and it can be harvested through the use of solar panels. The use of solar power is beneficial both in terms of finances and the environment. After installing the solar panels, no any other costs are needed. Wind energy is also being heavily embraced in numerous developing and developed countries especially for utility-scale applications. Hydroelectricity produces renewable energy when moving water happens to run through turbines, which spins it to produce electricity. Geothermal is the energy that is harnessed from the heat that is generated from the radioactive decay especially in rocks deep beneath the crush (Davidson et al., 2014). Biomass is the energy that is produced from recently living organic matter such as animals or plants. Biomass fuels are perceived to be carbon neutral and this means that they don’t add extra carbon dioxide into the atmosphere.
Moreover, due to the increasing rate of climate change due to the excessive use of non-renewable energy sources, most countries, both the developed and the developing ones are increasingly pushing for the use of clean energy. According to a report that was recently released by Allie Astor and Rob Sargent, there is a growing call for 100 percent adoption of clean energy. In this report, more than 150 community leaders across the globe are voicing their support for the adoption of 100 percent clean energy (Astor & Sargent, 2018). The report indicated that most individuals have experienced the threat of climate change in terms of drought, unpredictable weather, in