The introduction of renewables into the UK energy supply system
Over the last few years governments around the world have been actively challenged towards creating and sustaining renewable energy so as to address the issue of climate change. The United Kingdom has endeavored to realize a goal towards harnessing up to 15% of its energy requirements sourced from renewable by the year 2020. A strategy of this magnitude will lead to better enhancing the UK’s industries ability to lead by example towards the future. According to the available literature, recent analysis reports indicate that the UK’s renewable energy production and distribution sector has the potential of supporting about half a million employment opportunities by the year 2020. This will ensure the security as to the effective outcomes of the production and distribution of renewable energy and more so ensure that reliance on fossil fuels is reduced by 10%. This will indeed reduce the ever rising requirements as to the imported fossil fuels such as natural gas, oil and coal.
This paper seeks to outline and show that this transformation can be realized through strategies that will have the objectives geared towards these transformations towards the use of renewable energy. This will primarily involve ensuring that renewable energy sources have the capacity of producing the supply demanded by electric power needs of nearly 30 million UK homes with nearly 5 million homes and their heating requirements. By 2009, the UK’s renewable energy production and transmission had increased significantly tapping more offshore wind power than any other EU state as well as bearing the world’s greatest natural resource in the form of wave power. The Renewable energy strategy discussed in this paper will propose actions in which the government and other stakeholders have to be pro-active in ensuring this energy source is increased considerably.
To attain the 15% renewable energy mark, the delivery of this objective has to be addressed among the three critical energy sectors that are the heat sector, electricity and transportation sectors. It is also crucial that the integration of the sectors is in line with the set trajectory for the 2020 15% renewable energy goal. It is only appropriate that the constraints prevailing in each of these three sectors is addressed as well as the application of least cost technologies with respect to these constraints towards domestic electric power transmission and distribution. This strategy provides that by 2020, the electric power supply in the UK included energy from renewable sources by up to 30%, 12% for heat supply and 10% for transport supply if the target is to be achieved. Given the UK government’s commitment towards this target, it is only fair that sufficient emphasis is put into understanding how the strategy will be addressed in the three energy sectors. This will be dictated by investment drivers, non financial hurdles and supply chain determinants as they evolve.
It is worthy to note that indeed to meet the 2020 renewable energy production and distribution goal, a n