Social and cultural perceptions. - Essay Prowess

Social and cultural perceptions.


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1. What is meant by Age?

A.Gerontologists subdivided older people into groups according to their chronological age. Identify the ages in the categories as below

The young old
The old old
The oldest old

B.In the medical profession, old age is defined as?

2.Social and cultural perceptions.

The ageing population in this country now includes large numbers of people from non-English speaking backgrounds. Their welfare is an important consideration for society.  

A.What impact has migration had for the older person from these non-English speaking backgrounds?

Demographics show that the proportion of older people has increased while the number of children being born is decreasing.  Predictions indicate that by 2031, the average age in Australia will be 43.5years. The baby boomers, who were born between 1946 and 1961 will begin to reach retirement age in 2011

At the beginning of the twentieth century the life expectancy at birth was 59 years for women, and 50 years for men.  As a result of improvement in technology, nutrition, awareness of strategies to improve wellness in the population and access to universal health care, the life expectancy is now

3.Physiological Signs of Ageing

Aging is a normal process, accompanied by changes in body structure and function.  The physiological changes associated with ageing are categorised as:
1. Gradual occur over a long period of time
2. Universal where everyone experiences some changes
3. Irreversible were they can’t be changed
4. Involuntary where the individual has very little control over them

A. Complete the following chart for physiological ageing identifying the changes that occur in the body systems indication and the effects of these changes on the client

A high percentage of older people experience one or more chronic health problems. These may, at times, necessitate admission to hospital and often lead to disability.


The personal, civil, legal and consumer rights of each older person are not diminished in any way when he or she moves into a RACF.  Identify and list the Rights of the Resident from the Charter of Rights.

5.Aged Care Assessment Teams

What is the function of ACAT  

What services can be offered to keep older people living in their own homes

What sort of Aged Care Programs are available?  

6.Accreditation and Residential Care Standards

What is their function? Provide a summary of these Standards

What are the aims of these standards?

7.Access the ACFI User Guide and answer the following questions

What is the focus of ACFI?

Can you use a previously completed assessment for an ACFI appraisal?

What is the minimum requirement for a diagnosis to be accepted as evidence?


Is hydration (fluids) included in ACFI 1?


Can you claim for a ‘bluey’ for toileting?

Can you claim for the use of pads?


How do you complete continence records for someone who is already on a continence management program?

Where can you claim for someone with constipation?


Can you use a different version of the Cornell Scale for Depression (CSD)?

How do you claim if a resident is on anti-depressants?


When does a medication chart need to be included in the appraisal pack?

How accurately do you need to measure medication administration time?

What can be included when calculating the time taken to dispense medication?

Does finding a resident count towards the time taken for administration of medications?

Can you claim for assisting with medication via a PEG?


What is considered to be a chronic wound?

Is there a time limit for palliative care programs?


Do ACFI records need to be kept when a resident departs care?

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