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Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) are approaches that psychological counselors employ in addressing the various challenges brought about by the nature of human thoughts (Dryden, 2012). CBT helps a person identify negative thinking with the aim of scrutinizing complex situations in a clear manner and acting appropriately while REBT states that what we think, feel, sense and how we act are all related. Both are similar in that they concentrate on eradication of the adverse feedback that is yielded by the kind of thoughts that inhabit an individual’s psychology and therefore strive to assist people know how they can help themselves (Feltham & Horton, 2006)
They also incorporate psychological education where they give advice to the people on various ways of adjusting and adapting to the various conditions in order to help them maintain their state of health. Another similarity is that they try to find solutions in response to the people’s distorted thinking in order to enable them avert related outcomes that may be adverse (Dryden, 2012). In addition, they both link all problems resulting from peoples’ feelings to the inner feelings of a person; they don’t associate with external elements like environment.
However, there exist differences between Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). REBT enables the client to pin point out, assess and contradict his or her inner feelings that tend to limit his or her ambitions or beliefs, therefore assisting the affected individual feel better (Weisz & Kazdin, 2010). It concentrates on finding solutions to the problems experienced by an individual such as the behavior and feelings (Feltham & Horton, 2006). This approach makes assumptions that a person has both negative thinking that may be an obstacle towards achieving goals, which create internal disturbance leading to psychological distress.
REBT also involves psychological counselor assisting the affected individual to know the internal and self-conquering feelings, and to conflict them by force before replacing them with those feelings that makes him or her feel better (Feltham & Horton, 2006). REBT notes that people thinking so much about phenomena results to problems in behaviors and emotions, and as a result, it puts more efforts in teaching an individual how to scrutinize their undesirable thoughts which brings adverse internal feelings (Weisz & Kazdin, 2010).
Furthermore, it creates wide options that assist people restructure their ineffective assumptions into greater beliefs that are achievable and offer greater assistance. This approach also depends greatly on psychological learning all time through while the CBT counselors consider the psychological teaching as the first element of treatment process (Dryden, 2012). REBT identifies the psychological counselor as an instructor and does not consider any close association with an individual being essential, as it is more authoritative. This contrast CBT that reaffirms the importance of such associations in helping people establishes what they have wrongly thought for themselves (Feltham & Horton, 2006). In addition, REBT employ diverse ways on the nature of an individual whereas CBT uses a method that is dependent on a certain identified condition.
REBT helps in management of behavioral, emotional and cognitive disturbances because it is an action-oriented strategy. This approach suggests that people’s thinking about circumstances causes behavioral and emotional upset. Contrary, the core idea under Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the beliefs and thoughts of family and individual systems that influence how they function in robust ways (Dryden, 2012). Misguided beliefs and pessimistic thinking can control and increase the negative behavioral traits, mental illnesses and interactions. However, the assessment process of REBT is similar to that of CBT since it encompasses illuminating mistaken beliefs or negative thinking that is causing the problem (Weisz & Kazdin, 2010).
Dryden, W. (2012). Cognitive Behaviour Therapies. Los Angeles: Sage.
Feltham, C., & Horton, I. (2006). The SAGE Handbook of Counselling and Ppsychotherapy. London, UK: SAGE.
Weisz, J., & Kazdin, A. (2010). Evidence-based Psychotherapies for Children and Aadolescents. New York, NY: Guilford Press.