Identify four examples of forces that have been influential in changing the nature of the construction industry. - Essay Prowess

Identify four examples of forces that have been influential in changing the nature of the construction industry.

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Please see the five assessment questions for Unit #1 BOS 3401

Question 1

State the major players that make up the safety and health team of a construction company, and explain the roles of each person in the safety and health plan.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Question 2

Identify four examples of forces that have been influential in changing the nature of the construction industry. Provide examples of each and explain their impact in detail.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Question 3

Explain how workplace tragedies have affected the safety movement. What circumstances led to the development of the first organized safety program?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Question 4

State and describe the “three Es of safety,” and explain their roles in early safety and health programs.

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Question 5

State and describe at least four to five examples of milestones affecting the safety movement, from the 1800s until present. How has the role of organized labor played a significant role in the safety movement?

Your response should be at least 200 words in length. You are required to use at least your textbook as source material for your response. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations.

Essay Preview 

Question 1:

The major players that make up the safety and health team of a construction company include management, supervisors, employees, and safety professionals.

Management is responsible for setting the overall safety and health goals for the company and for providing the necessary resources and support to achieve those goals. This includes establishing policies and procedures, allocating budgets for safety initiatives, and ensuring that safety and health are integrated into all aspects of the company’s operations.

Supervisors are responsible for implementing the safety and health policies and procedures on the job site and for ensuring that all employees are aware of and follow these policies. They also play a critical role in identifying and addressing potential hazards on the job site.

Employees are responsible for following all safety and health policies and procedures, reporting any hazards or incidents, and participating in safety training and drills.

Safety professionals, such as safety managers and safety officers, are responsible for developing and implementing the company’s safety and health plan. This includes conducting hazard assessments, developing policies and procedures, providing safety training, and ensuring that the company is in compliance with all relevant safety and health regulations.

References:

OSHA (n.d.). Safety and Health Management. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/shpguidelines/safety-health-management.

Question 2:

Four examples of forces that have been influential in changing the nature of the construction industry are technological advancements, globalization, regulatory changes, and economic fluctuations.

Technological advancements, such as the development of new materials and construction techniques, have led to significant changes in the construction industry. For example, the widespread use of prefabricated components and modular construction has increased efficiency and reduced construction time, while the development of new materials, such as advanced structural steel and concrete, has increased the strength and durability of buildings.

Globalization has also had a major impact on the construction industry. The increasing interconnectedness of the global economy has led to the growth of international construction projects and the movement of labor and materials across national borders.

Regulatory changes, such as the adoption of new building codes and safety regulations, have also impacted the construction industry. These regulations are designed to ensure that buildings are safe and meet certain standards, which can impact the design, construction, and maintenance of buildings.

Economic fluctuations, such as recessions and booms, can also significantly impact the construction industry. During economic downturns, construction activity may slow down, leading to reduced demand for labor and materials. Conversely, during times of economic growth, construction activity may increase, leading to a higher demand for labor and materials.

References:

OSHA (n.d.). The Evolution of the Construction Industry. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/dcsp/smallbusiness/construction/evolution.html.

Question 3:

Workplace tragedies have had a significant impact on the safety movement. These tragedies, such as the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in 1911 and the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010, have brought attention to the need for improved safety and health practices in the workplace and have led to the development of new safety regulations and standards.

The first organized safety program was developed in response to the high number of workplace fatalities and injuries that were occurring in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As industrialization and the use of machinery in the workplace increased, so did the number of workplace accidents. In response to this, the first organized safety program, the National Safety Council, was founded in 1913. This program was designed to promote safety in the workplace and to educate employers and employees about the importance of safety.

References:

National Safety Council (n.d

Question 4:

The “three Es of safety” are engineering, education, and enforcement. These three elements play a critical role in early safety and health programs and are still important components of modern safety management systems.

Engineering refers to the design and implementation of physical controls and safeguards to prevent accidents and injuries in the workplace. This can include the design of safer equipment and machinery, the implementation of safety barriers and guards, and the use of warning signs and labels.

Education refers to the provision of safety training and information to employees to ensure that they are aware of and understand the hazards in the workplace and how to safely perform their tasks. This can include safety orientations, training sessions, and the distribution of safety information and materials.

Enforcement refers to the implementation of policies and procedures to ensure that employees follow safety rules and regulations, and the implementation of consequences for noncompliance. This can include the use of inspections, audits, and corrective actions to identify and address safety issues.

References:

OSHA (n.d.). The History of OSHA. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/oshhistory/index.html.

Question 5:

Four to five examples of milestones affecting the safety movement from the 1800s until present include:

  1. The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in 1911, which led to the development of the first organized safety program, the National Safety Council, and the adoption of new safety regulations.

  2. The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, which established the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and provided a framework for the development and enforcement of safety and health regulations in the workplace.

  3. The introduction of the ISO 45001 Occupational Health and Safety Management System standard in 2018, which provides a framework for organizations to manage their safety and health risks and to improve their safety performance.

  4. The COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, which has highlighted the importance of effective emergency preparedness and response planning and has led to the development of new safety guidelines and protocols in the workplace.

  5. The growing awareness of and focus on sustainability in the construction industry, which has led to the development of new green building standards and the incorporation of sustainable practices into construction projects.

The role of organized labor has played a significant role in the safety movement by advocating for safer working conditions and by negotiating for safety provisions in labor contracts. Organized labor has also played a role in the development of safety regulations and standards and in the enforcement of these standards through inspections and other efforts.

References:

OSHA (n.d.). The History of OSHA. Retrieved from https://www.osha.gov/oshhistory/index.html.

ISO (2018). ISO 45001:2018 – Occupational health and safety management systems – Requirements. Retrieved from https://www.iso.org/standard/69402.html.