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Essay on Five Functions of Management


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Five Functions of Management

Management is the process of directing and leading all or part of an organization, often a business or a project, through the manipulation or deployment of numerous resources such as financial, human, technological, and material among others (Lussier, 2008). In most cases, the achievement of the organizational goals and objectives depends on the skills of the managing personnel, who has numerous core functions. This paper pays high attention to the analysis of the chief functions of a manager, and how I would utilize each function in order to successfully put together and lead my project team.

Managers are responsible for organizational planning. This means that a manager has to establish organizational goals and objectives and develop strategies for accomplishing them (Roberts, 2015). In most cases, managers derive these goals and objectives from the organization`s mission and vision. However, in order to lead the project successfully, I would first draw the goals of the project, and then develop the course of action for achieving them. In addition, I would contemplate that planning is flexible and a continuous step, during the entire project.

Moreover, managers are responsible for organizing the overall structure of the company. This involves allocating specific tasks and responsibilities to the employees, based on their specific areas of specialization. The organizing function is the cornerstone of any company; without this function, the day-to-day operations of the organization become tedious and unsuccessful, and employees see a manager as unprepared, and may even loose respect to his or her supervisory techniques (Lussier, 2008). In order to make the project to be successful, I would designate tasks to various team members depending on their levels of competence, and then bestow them with the necessary resources needed for the completion of those tasks.

Consecutively, after establishing the number of employees who are required to carry out the organizational tasks, managers have the duty of recruiting the right people for the right job (staffing). This means that managers should recruit people based on their merit rather than on their relationships or associated personal benefits (Roberts, 2015). In order to achieve the project`s goals and objectives, I would select fully competent and experienced individuals to work in the project. However, the number of individuals that I would recruit would depend on the number of employees that I estimated during the organizing process.

Managers are also responsible for leading the employees and the organization in general. This means that managers should motivate, guide, and encourage employees towards a higher level of performance (Lussier, 2008). Apparently, not all managers are leaders. Employees follows manager`s directions since they have to, but they voluntarily follow the directions of a leader due to the fact that they believe in who he or she is as a person, and for the manner in which he or she inspires them.  To ensure the project`s success, I would also motivate, encourage, and guide my juniors, especially those who fail to complete their delegated duties in time.

Lastly, managers are responsible for controlling the organization. This involves evaluating the delivery of up to standard services or products within a specified period, and the cost implications. This function enables the managers to know whether they are achieving the organizational goals or not. If not, the managers can identify areas that need to be addressed in order for the goals to be realized (Lussier, 2008). For the project, I would make use of this function in order to establish its level of performance. I would also communicate the findings to the team members, highlighting the areas that should be improved.


It is, therefore, evident that managers have numerous managerial functions, which determines the success of the organizations. Adopting and implementing these functions would ensure the project attains its goals and objectives.




Lussier, R. N. (2008). Management fundamentals: Concepts, applications, skill development. Mason, OH: South-Western/Cengage Learning.

Roberts, C., (2015). Five functions of management and leading. Retrieved from,