Essay about Types and Classification of Cars - Essay Prowess

Essay about Types and Classification of Cars


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Types and Classification of Cars

Types and classification of cars is usually subjective since different types of cars tend to fall into multiple categories or may not be possible to fit accurately into a single category. Types of cars may differ in terms of regions and this is the reason why some cars may not be available in certain countries. Therefore, government authorities and private institutions have developed schemes of car classification for numerous purposes such as regulation, categorization and description, among others. Broadly speaking, certain classification methods of cars may be found in places such as North America, while another set of classification may be available in English speaking nations in Europe. This paper critically analyzes various types and classifications of vehicles.

Economy Cars

There are different types of cars that fall under the class of economy cars. First, micro-cars are small cars that act as a boundary between regular cars and motorbikes, and they only have two passenger seats and their engines are less than one liter. Second, hatchbacks can be divided into ultra-compact cars, city cars, and super-mini or subcompact cars. Ultra-compact cars are used for personal use and although they may be less that mini-cars, their engines are usually larger than 50cc. City cars are used for urban transport and they have greater speed, safety, and maximum displacement engine of 660 cc. Lastly, super-mini/subcompact cars have three to five doors and they are designed to comfortably carry four passengers. They are approximately 3900 mm to 4200 mm long and are sold at lower prices compared to other models.

Luxury Vehicles

The second class of cars is luxury vehicles which tend to be more spacious, lavish, and more costly than economy cars. Compact executive cars are luxurious, midsized equivalents and compact cars. They have a smaller trunk space and rear seat room compared to executive cars due to the fact that they have a smaller general size. Second executive/mid luxury cars are full-size luxurious equivalent cars and they have the largest hatchbacks that are within the same lengths in this category. Some of the common examples include Porsche Panamera, Peugeot 607, Jaguar XF, and MG Magnette. Lastly, full-size luxury cars are also known as premium large cars, or grand saloons. Typically, they have four doors and they are regarded as the most powerful saloon cars. They have a 6, 8 and 12-cylinder engines and some common examples include Audi A8, Lexus LS and BMW 7-Series. Station wagons are cars whose body style resembles that of a sedan/saloon and have an extended rearward as well as a shared cargo volume their interior volume can also be reconfigured flexibly via down rear seats in order to prioritize either passenger.


The third class of cars is off-road vehicles, also known as off-roaders or four-wheel drives. These 4x4s have colloquial names depending on the model and certain range of cars may not posses four-wheel drive. For instance, sports utility vehicles have four-wheel drive and are off-road vehicles that have a true off-road capability. They tend to feature high ground clearance and have an upright and boxy body design. Sport utilities have a frame construction that gives them off-road capacity and reduce amount of on-road transport compared to other cars that are based on utility vehicle. Examples of SUVs include land rover discovery, Mitsubishi Pajero, and Mahindra Scorpio, while compact SUVs include Land Rover Freelander, Jeep Patriot, and Toyota FJ Cruiser.

Commercial vehicles

In certain countries, a wider range of cars are usually used for commercial purposes, but there are those distinct types that are used for transporting passengers from one place to another. This class of cars is also called vans or light trucks and they are usually small panel vans that are based on the design of passenger cars. Sometimes these commercial vehicles resemble station wagons that are based on SUV models. The vehicles that retain windows and seats and have a larger and utilitarian size compared to MPVs are usually known as minibuses. Another term that is common in North America in camper van and they are equivalent to recreational vehicles that are used for camping. In America, van refers to commercial vehicles that are similar to European minibuses and larger than MPVs. These vehicles tend to possess an interior space that is extremely large and they are commonly used for hauling cargo from one place to another. Examples of Japanese vans include Toyota Hiace and Nissan NV.


Conclusion, this paper has critically analyzed various types and classifications of cars. From the above analysis, it is evident that classification of cars can be done on a subjective manner since certain types of cars may belong to more than one category or may not fall into a single category. Some of the most common classes of cars include economy, luxury, off-roaders and commercial vehicles. It is evident that economy cars range from two-door vehicles to those with five doors. Luxury and off-roaders are more powerful and tend to have a bigger engine capacity. Lastly, commercial vehicles are often used for transporting passengers and cargo from on place to another.

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