The Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus
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In this assignment, you will define, describe, and examine the pathogenesis of your previously identified health issue or problem.
Write a formal APA paper on the epidemiology of your selected health topic the meets the following requirements:
length between 3-5 pages (does not include title or references pages)
include a title page
an introduction and conclusion
at least three (3) professional references
No abstract is needed
This should be written as a scientific paper which includes at least one (1) data table within the body of your paper that will support your statements. Use your data source to create an original data table. Please do not cut and paste a data table. Please use the following subheadings below as APA headings in the body of your paper:
Pathogenesis of the health issue or disease
Data Display (As a table per APA format)
Review the literature about your chosen health issue, and present salient points.
Present the data related to the spread of the health issue or problem in chart, graph, or table form.
Conclusions about the impact of health issue or problem on the population are drawn from the data.
Title: The Epidemiology of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a chronic health condition characterized by high levels of blood glucose (sugar) in the body. Diabetes can lead to a number of serious health complications, including heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and amputations. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there were approximately 422 million adults living with diabetes in 2014, and this number is expected to increase to 629 million by 2045 (WHO, 2016). The increasing prevalence of diabetes makes it a major public health concern and understanding the epidemiology of the disease is crucial for developing prevention and management strategies.
Pathogenesis of the health issue or disease:
There are two main types of diabetes mellitus: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels. As a result, individuals with type 1 diabetes must take insulin injections to control their blood sugar levels. Type 1 diabetes typically develops in childhood or adolescence, but it can occur at any age.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of the disease and is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. In type 2 diabetes, the body’s cells become resistant to the effects of insulin and the pancreas may not produce enough insulin to compensate. As a result, blood sugar levels become elevated. Type 2 diabetes is often associated with obesity, physical inactivity, and unhealthy dietary habits. It typically develops in adulthood, but is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents as well.
Table 1: Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus by Age Group (WHO, 2016)
|Age Group||Prevalence (%, global)|
As shown in Table 1, the prevalence of diabetes increases with age. The highest prevalence is seen in individuals over the age of 70, with approximately 10% of the population affected by the disease. The prevalence is also relatively high in individuals between the ages of 50 and 69, with 8% of the population affected. The lowest prevalence is seen in children and adolescents under the age of 15, with less than 1% affected by diabetes.
The epidemiology of diabetes mellitus is complex and involves a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The disease is more common in certain age groups, with the highest prevalence seen in individuals over the age of 70. The increasing prevalence of diabetes is a major public health concern and efforts to prevent and manage the disease are needed to reduce the burden of the disease on individuals and healthcare systems.
World Health Organization (WHO). (2016). Diabetes. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/diabetes