Discuss what the most significant obstacles are for analysts in relation to OSINT - Essay Prowess

Discuss what the most significant obstacles are for analysts in relation to OSINT

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Open Source – Wk3 For this forum, you are to answer one of the questions listed below.  The original post must be a minimum of 250 words.  Additionally, you must post two (2) peer reviews on a classmate’s original post.  Responses should be a minimum of 200 words each and include direct questions. Questions:   Discuss what the most significant obstacles are for analysts in relation to OSINT. How does OSINT ensure that decision makers at all levels have the benefit of all sources of information? Give an example. Gannon discusses five key points in relation to OSINT. Discuss one of his points. What is the difference between information and intelligence? Where does OSINT fit in?  Student #1  John Gannon had a good and obvious point in regards to open-source information and why it is more important in today’s world compared to the Cold War era. One good reason for this is because open-source information is more readily available compared to the Cold War. During the Cold War, intelligence analysts would have to gather information from abroad and analyze it compared to today’s age in which analysts can access numerous resources online to further extract raw information and turn it into intelligence, for target development or finding out what our enemies’ next move is. This is said perfectly by Gannon who talks about the closed world in which the Soviet Union operated in and how much technology has emerged (Gannon 2010, np).            One of the best examples of how the Soviet Union handled their information was during the Cuban missile crisis. The Soviets’ handled their information and planning so well that their own military community and populace weren’t aware of their own plans. During the planning phase of the Cuban missile crisis Generals within the Soviet Union were only aware of the plan. They accomplished this by hand carrying all messages to various units within the Soviet Union to prevent any exposure of the plan to move long-range missiles to Cuba (Hansen 2007, np). Soldiers in the Soviet Union weren’t aware of their mission until they arrived at the ports in Cuba.            Although open-source collection isn’t the “go-to” in collecting intelligence on a foreign adversary or enemy to the United States, it still proves its value when coupled with other collection methods. It’s best said by Gannon when he says, “Open-source information now dominates the universe of the intelligence analyst, and this is unlikely to change for the foreseeable future (6 October 2010, np).” There are some nations that are hard to collect intelligence on and OSINT provides the United States another weapon at correlating other INT’s with. OSINT will continue to be proven valuable and will only get easier to collect as technology grows.  References:Gannon, John C. 6 October 2010. NIC Chairman Address to Washington College of Law. Cia.gov. Accessed 19 October 2014. https://www.cia.gov/news-information/speeches-testimony/2000/gannon_speech_10062000.html. Hansen, James H. 14 April 2007. Soviet Deception in the Cuban Missile Crisis. Cia.gov. Last updated 27 June 2008. Accessed 20 October 2014. https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/vol46no1/article06.html.  Student #2  What is the difference between information and intelligence? Where does OSINT fit in?Information is the facts of something or someone, which is learned or provided. In most cases information is obtained from human interactions, reading or studying or experience. For example, information can be historical data of roadside Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs). Information can tell you location, time of day, where, how deep and the position of the IED when the device exploded. There is no analysis involved just a table of facts, that can be used and developed into intelligence. While Intelligence is the analysis of information, “Intelligence is information or data which has been processed, evaluated and distilled into a form which fulfills some useful purpose, either policy or, in this case of military conflict, to support operations (pg. 2).” [1] Intelligence synthesizes information into choices, and helps analysis understand what are the probable courses of actions or the impacts of a decision or action. Intelligence is also used to validate the information, gain or find the importance of the information, create a course of action to achieve a desired outcome.The moto that I preach to my colleagues is that information without analysis is just data. Everyone can obtain information but it takes the logical process of analyzing the information that makes it into something that is actionable or more understandable. “More information does not equate to better intelligence, but better intelligence equates to higher quality of information gathered (pg. 16).” [1]OSINT fits in because there are many sources that help provide some of the useful data that leads to quality intelligence. Many videos that are uploaded to social media and blogs have useful data that allows analyst to capture activity leading up to an event, during and after. The correspondence from human reporting, to blogs, to mobile videos all made readily available by the internet or other publishing make OSINT a great source of information, which is processed and developed into intelligence. All of these things that are provided by OSINT helps fill in intelligence gaps. References:[1] Dupont, Alan. Intelligence for the Twenty-First Century.https://edge.apus.edu/access/content/group/security-and-global-studies-common/Intelligence%20Studies/INTL%20422/Content/Week%203/Intelligence%20for%20the%2021st%20Century_Dupont.pdf