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Cause of Homelessness Essay

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Cause of Homelessness

Introduction

For an individual to live a standard life, he or she must meet the three basic needs; food, shelter, and clothing. Homelessness refers to a state where individuals lack a place to live or dwell. When individuals, especially children become homeless, they turn unhealthy behaviors such as drug abuse and committing crimes such as robbery.

Causes of homelessness

Homelessness is caused by a myriad of factors. For example, most Americans become homeless due to high poverty levels. This arises due to lack or loss of a job, making them unable to pay rent, after which they are evicted. Domestic violence also contributes to homelessness, especially to women and children. Mental illness and addiction to drugs also makes individuals be homeless (National Coalition for the Homeless, 2014).

The state of homelessness in America

Statistics depict that the rate of homelessness in U.S is unstable as it keeps increasing and decreasing over time. For example, between 2012 and 2013, the overall rate of homelessness decreased by 3.7 percent (National Alliance to Homelessness, 2014). However, this trend varied between various states since 20 states recorded an increase of homelessness, while 31 states recorded a decrease. In addition, the rate of homelessness continued to decrease between 2013 and 2014, since the total number of homeless individuals changed from 610,042 in 2013 to 578,424 in 2014 (National Alliance to End Homelessness, 2015).

Measures taken to reduce homelessness in the U.S

In 2009, the American government passed the HEARTH Act as a way of reducing the increasing rate of homelessness (National Alliance to End Homelessness, 2015). This act placed great emphasis on rapid re-housing and permanent supportive housing of homeless Americans. In addition to this act, most American communities have also contributed to the reduction of the number of homeless individuals through the implementation of numerous programs such as transitional housing and emergency shelters. These efforts have greatly contributed to the reduction of homelessness in the U.S.

Conclusion

It is, therefore, evident that homelessness is challenge that most Americans are experiencing. This state is contributed by varying factors, such as poverty, addiction to drugs, and others. Though the trend of homelessness is decreasing, there is need for the American government to implement more measures of curbing this vice.

References

National Alliance to End Homelessness, (2015). The State of Homelessness in America. Retrieved from, http://endhomelessness.org/library/entry/the-state-of-homelessness-in-america-2015

National Coalition for the Homeless, (2014). Homelessness in America. Retrieved from, http://nationalhomeless.org/about-homelessness/

National Alliance to Homelessness, (2014). The State of Homelessness in America 2014. An examination of homelessness, economic, housing, and demographic trends at the national and state levels. Retrieved from, http://b.3cdn.net/naeh/d1b106237807ab260f_qam6ydz02.pdf

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