The New York state Internet System for Tracking Over-Prescribing (I-STOP) is a law which was established to save people’s lives by reducing prescription diversion and abuse. The law requires that all prescribers within the state to transit to the program in all pharmacies for the benefit of all citizens. Prescribers are mandated to review the history of a patient’s prescription contained in an online system prior to providing prescription of a controlled substance and report on any prescription they may write (Nutt. et al, 2016) The program is important as it helps New York to collect data on controlled substances and therefore preventing adverse effects of drugs such as opioid overdoses, diversion, and abuse through minimizing the amount prescribed or the frequency.
Internet System for Tracking Over-Prescribing has been chosen as a topic since it’s a trending program adopted by most healthcare workers in the United States with the aim of assisting physicians, prescribers, pharmacists, and law enforcement agencies to allow for the legitimate medical use of substances and effectively limit their abuse. The dispensers of controlled substances have to register with the program and report on any dispensation made on a patient through an electronic online database. I-STOP is a controversial topic since it has been applied in more than forty states but only a little information is known but citizens of the program and its overall effectiveness (Nutt. et al, 2016)
Included in article 33 of the Public Health Law in New York, Internet System for Tracking Over-Prescribing regulates manufactures, prescribers, and distributors of controlled substances within the state of New York. It is also available in Part 80 of Title 10 within New York Codes and became effective in August 2013.
The policy was developed to facilitate people dealing with medical drugs such as pharmacists and physicians to electronically transmit prescription data from healthcare providers to the pharmacy ensuring that the information is accurate and understandable. Internet System for Tracking Over-Prescribing was developed as a mechanism to reduce and prevent problems that arose previously from traditional prescription scripts. It shares substantial information that connects a patient and a healthcare provider thus allowing for relevant decision making when prescribing controlled substances (MedRunner, 2011)
Several drugs have been listed by the program; notably, marijuana, etorphine, heroine, and ibogaine led to the creation of controlled substance programs as they were mostly abused. The drugs became an issue in New York where most violence cases were reported to be associated with people under the influence of the substances. People taking these drugs became less productive and overdose cases led to deaths of citizens every year (Nutt. et al, 2016). Moreover, inappropriate prescription of opioid drugs has led to some children becoming orphans where parents are victims of deaths associated with overdoses of the drugs.
Between 1999 and 2010, opioid prescriptions have increased dramatically in New York by over 300%. This has led to diseases and deaths of people from 1000 to 4000 over the years. In New York State, the ove