Piaget and Erikson theories
The study of human development entails descriptions, explanations and more so the optimization of internal changes in an individual as well as individual differences resulting from such internal changes across one’s lifespan. Theories on human development as put across by Piaget and Erikson are based on psychological constructs suggesting that human development is realized as an individual transcends from one identifiable phase to another. This research paper seeks to discuss the theories as presented by these two psychologists.
Piaget’s theory of human development
The “Stages of Cognitive Development” in human development occur in four fundamental phases. The first stage is the Sensorimotor phase which he observed in children under the tender age of two. Here, human development is based on physical experiences and interactions. Human development in the Preoperational phase also referred to as the second phase is exhibited in children between the ages of 2 and 7 years via memory, symbols and imaginativeness presenting a child’s level of intelligence. At this age and development phase, egocentricity and illogical thinking are common as us of language matures.
The third phase is referred to as Concrete Operation’s phase. In this stage, children between the ages of 7 and 12 demonstrate intelligence via systematic maneuvering of symbols relative to tangible objects. Thought patterns are operational, can be reversed and egocentricity is less pronounced as compared to the Preoperational stage. The fourth phase is the Formal Operations phase. Evident in children aged from 12. Intelligence is exhi