Organisational and behaviour essay for Virgin Atlantic Cooperation - Essay Prowess

Organisational and behaviour essay for Virgin Atlantic Cooperation

Organisational and behaviour essay for Virgin Atlantic Cooperation

  

Organisational and behaviour essay

Abstract

         Virgin Atlantic in a corporation that is known and used by many populaces around the globe. The corporation makes a lot of business and it also employs a lot of workers. The business has established a lot of branches internationally making it easier for them to provide fast and efficient client services. Since the business is a travel and tourism corporation, it utilizes efficient technology in order to enhance its services and improve productivity.  The industry utilizes motivation techniques and learning programs to inspire their employees and this helps in boosting relationship in the trade

Introduction

The travel and the tourism business is one of the mushrooming industries of the globe, the reason being the improved tendencies in travelling globalization and modernization. With a hopeful prospect and enlargement in new market places, the voyage and tourism trade probable to put in new occupations and secure services. To guarantee sustainable growth of the tourism industry, specialized mangers are necessary. The managers should be talented to run and proactively act in response to confronts in the business. Both Management and administration are complimentary features. Populaces having a commercial recreation or tourism industry should include a set of information skills and aptitude in managing the trade as well.

Virgin Atlantic airline limited is a British corporation owed by Singapore airline and virgin team. It is the maker of more than 300 product businesses worldwide, and it employs about 50,000 populaces in 30 nations (virgin, 2012, online)

L.O .1

1.1. Comparison and contrast of Atlantic airways and British airways organization culture and structure

The organizational arrangement of corporation reflects its leadership attitude, culture, and its leadership style plus the environment it has to function. Virgin and British airlines mostly vary in two aspects: culture and size.  The two corporations have a structure that is mainly ordered by operational wants characteristic to all the airlines. British airways have an extra formalized arrangement with precise systems and process, due to its mass and world scope of its action. A major adjustment in the previous years has been to decrease its organizational layers, among the managerial and the front line who border with the clientele from nine to five (Beiske, 2007). Now it has little ad hoc teams functioning in similar with the formal arrangement, with duties that cut across diverse works, or in some instances duplicate these tasks. Virgin Atlantic is a more price mindful, mean and lean administration. It has a little system and dynamic arrangement. It relies more on individual plans, it helps in this through its small size and leader’s organizational method. Virgin in fact is among the finest delegated corporations. The organizational culture comprises of the deep fundamental beliefs, assumption norms and value that are shared by affiliates of an establishment. They arise from the institution’s history and customs and are customized by contemporary occasions.

In virgin Atlantic and British airways marking blends with the highly observable company culture practiced by travelers. The culture is actually what clients pay money for. It is a big pattern in which the physical characters such as food and setting are entrenched. Products creation can be quickly imitated but the traditions cannot be simply imitated. The culture has to be learned and established. Developing an efficient service tradition moves an airline in front of its rivals with limiters are more probable to be unsuccessful (Centro, 2008). A sole projection of the airline’s tradition can be scrutinized in the performance of the cabin employee on plank of the two airlines

1.2. Relationship between virgin airline organizational arrangement and culture

The Atlantic airways should evaluate its management arrangement based on the trait hypothesis of leadership. Some of the challenges stimulated in the Atlantic Airways organization partly owing to unproductive management. The general theory of control defines the significance of efficient leadership talent in many circumstances. However, it is believed that personal qualities are not adequate enough. In addition, to individual traits, structural environmental issues such as non-strike settings are also significant. Though there are certain drawbacks linked with the quality theory of management (Fojt, 2006). The theory can also be employed as an assessment instrument for analyzing the powers and limitations. Through this analysis mangers are capable of supplying themselves with the correct aptitudes needed to handle disasters.

In the midst of the tree methods that are normally followed like democratic, autocratic and laissez faire, an independent method is suitable for Atlantic airways. Because, it engages a high amount of contribution in the part of workers, reduces the struggle for modification, and improves the decision making aptitude. The leadership method and performance can also be enhanced using a job oriented approach. The current drift of strikers and combination call creates the organization method of laissez faire inappropriate to the corporation. The laissez faire approach normally consequences in low group presentation and give increases informal set managers.

In order to decrease tension and fighting in the work setting, Atlantic Airways organization worked to get better the administration in the form of anxiety for populaces. This improved accord as well as output at the same time (Gitman, 2005). By placing importance of the citizen orientation over manufacturing orientation the directors are able to endorse a secure and fit work setting for its workers. The method intern boosts efficiency since happy staffs are possible to labor hard as in contrast to the ones that are deserted.

1.3. Factors influencing employee’s behavior

The internal organization environment comprises things in the business that affect the advance and success of its process. The exterior environment entails many factors outside the business that an individual has no control over (Griffin et.al, 2011). Managing the power of your inner operations and knowing possible opportunities and threats external of your actions are key means to a company accomplishment. The interior business surroundings consist of factors in the organization that impacts the approach and success of your actions. The outside surroundings consist of a diversity of factors exterior your corporation doors that an individual naturally don’t have much control above. Organizing the powers of your interior process and knowing possible chances and intimidation outside of your acts are keys to business victory.

The travel industry faces a lot of competition. Therefore, the company has to work extra hard for it to remain relevant in the business world. The function of business leadership is an essential inner business factor. The negative or positive environment, effectiveness of contact and worth of workers are cultural insinuation that consequences from management approach. Another important inner business factor is the strength of the workers. Hardworking, motivated and aptitude staff normally produce good outcomes that less-talented and unmotivated (Grout et.al, 2010). The staffs are very crucial in the success of any corporation hence it is the task of the management to promote a good working relation in the working area.

An Atlantic airway is an industry recognized and used globally. However, for it to achieve such an honor, it has been required to adjust to the changing world as well as constantly involve itself in marketing to keep its consumers knowledgeable about its services. The company has heard what its consumers have had to say about it and implemented the same to build and expand its trade.

A business is in many parts of the world therefore research will be over a large population. The substantially increases the resources needed. Another cost that will have to be borne by the company is a technology that will analyze the data collected as well as stored. Further, the process of tourism is constantly evolving (Hofstede, 2000). Therefore, constant upgrading of the technology as well as appropriate education to ensure that all the employees are up to date in the technology and processes is important. With the adoption of the current technology like the use of processors and the internet the corporation’s promotion process will be fast. Through the internet, the business staff can easily search for helpful information that is fundamental for growth of the Atlantic corporation. Search engines like the Google will assist in the providing beneficial information diverse regions and it will also motivate the employees.

L.O 2

2.1 Effectiveness of different styles of leadership Atlantic and British airways

Leadership is about, inspiring, motivating and influencing populaces. The vital task of administration is the effective utilization of human capital for the achievement of organizational goals. Effectual   utilization of human resources cannot be accomplished without stimulating the workers of the company. Therefore, to inspire the staff, leadership styles plays an important position since they make the corporation culture that powers the organization and its action (Hellriget et.al, 2001). The diverse types of leadership method are:

Democratic leadership: even if democratic managers make the final choice, they call they staff to boost the decision-making procedure. For example, Atlantic airways accept a democratic manager improve work repression by engaging their group associates, and helps to enhance populaces abilities. Under this management method, Virgin’s employees feel respected, that is why they are positive to working stiff by more than a financial payment. Virgin chooses management duties to employees in the association so that everyone is apparent about their liability to adopt the planned decision. The strategic choice should also ensure competent communication and a follow up on the workers to make sure that they give quality services. This boosts team inspiration and encourages originality (Peterson, 2011)

Autocratic leadership: this method is one in which leaders have total control over their employee. The leaders tell the populaces what to do instead of inquiring for staff’s suggestions or views. For example, British airways employs autocratic management since it has been distracting, bureaucratic and extremely segmented between purposes in its functioning. It is also characterized by lesser individual response, depersonalization of hierarch and neglect of minors. The BA’s autocratic heads give staff their tasks and liability.  This can provide their corporation apparent ways but it can also guide leaders to ignore input from their panels. The style is vital when the industry is facing critical states or when an urgent problem happens than needs and immediate action. The company can also use the method when need arises (Schafer, 2007). For example, if and mishap happens in the industry, managers may take authority to make sure that quick and coordinated response is available.

Laissez-faire leadership: it is a method where the leader observes that the affiliates of the team are functioning well individually. Virgin’s leader implemented the style where they provide all the control and power to the workers. The workers are to determine goals, resolve problems and make decisions on individually. Functioning under laissez-faire management method, workers can enhance their communication abilities, group work expertise, as well as improve devotion and accountability.

2.2. How managerial theory underpins the performance of administration in the Atlantic Airway

 Staff motivation can be segmented into two groups: extrinsic and intrinsic. Intrinsic inspiration is the labor inspiration in the lack of things like, promotion, pay and colleagues. On the other hand, extrinsic motivation happens from a variety of compensation things like career opportunities, financial recompense, and associates. Moreover, in organizations motivation can be segments into diverse perspective learning, need and process based. Need-based viewpoint is focused to the notion that people are mainly motivated by shortage in one or more essential requirements.

The hierarchy of wants is the essential and most accepted theoretical framework associated with the need-based idea of incentive. According to the theory, person’s wants can be categorized into various levels. Virgin Atlantic utilizes the theoretical framework of the hierarchy in order to inspire its labor force at all stages depending on the character of their immediate requirements (Maslow, 2001). Specifically, when inspirational techniques for subordinate level staff, primarily comprise monetary incentives, stress is given to perspective individuals and expert development when inspiring level leaders.  However, it is vital to note that monetary inducement remain to be one of the most effectual motivational instrument for staffs at all stages and this detail is fully recognized Atlantic management,

Fredric Hertzberg represents an option significant theoretical framework connected to the topic of worker inspiration. This nee-based theory differentiates two things they are the hygiene and motivation factors that play important functions in the stage of workers motivation. According to the theory, inspirational issues such as achievement, responsibility, and identification are seen as major causes of worker motivation. On the other hand, hygienic issues such as working conditions, company policies and remunerations do not essentially inspire workers. However, if there are insufficient they demonstrate to be sources of displeasure and de-motivation for staffs.

An analysis of the execution of this theory in performs by Virgin Atlantic designate that both motivation and hygiene issues are efficiently addressed by airline board   in order to boost the level of staff motivation and satisfaction. For example, virgin Atlantic has constricted with capital Consultancy Company to decrease data dispensation time by eight percent. As a result virgin Atlantic has attained the ability of offering individual preparation and expands workers based on their presentation levels (Resource Centre, 2010, online)

 2.3 Different management approaches

Senior level organization in virgin Atlantic appreciates the significance of contributing superior level of consumer services for small and extended term productivity of the corporation. Therefore, they have devised effective policies for giving brilliant services to their clients. Providing an outstanding level of client services is significant not only to attain its main goal as business unit, which if income maximization, it’s also vital to attain the company’s mission.  The mission statement of Virgin is ‘is to grow a profitable airline, which populaces love to fly and citizens love to work’. In order for a corporation to attain every element of the declaration the corporation must entrust to providing an outstanding level of customer services.

In some feature it is simple for virgin Atlantic offer excellent client services owing to the immense amount of concrete and intangible assets the corporation groups. Moreover, Virgin team involved more than 200 sovereign corporations more than 35,000 workers for them (Hellriegel, 2007). As a result, commerce knowledge about excellent trade processes and performs in general, and the information about ways and plans of giving superior clients service in particular. Therefore, the knowledge can be distributed among these industries that can show to be extremely helpful to all of them.

L.O3

3.1 The impact the leadership styles impacts on motivation approach of Airway in periods of change 

Leadership is about, inspiring, motivating and influencing populaces. The vital task of administration is the effective utilization of human capital for the achievement of organizational goals. Effectual   utilization of human resources cannot be accomplished without stimulating the workers of the company. Therefore, to inspire the staff, leadership styles plays an important position since they make the corporation culture that powers the organization and its action. The diverse types of leadership method are:

Autocratic leadership: this method is one in which leaders have total control over their employee. The leaders tell the populaces what to do instead of inquiring for staff’s suggestions or views. It is also characterized by lesser individual response, depersonalization of hierarch and neglect of minors (Shaw, 2007).  This can provide their corporation apparent ways but it can also guide leaders to ignore input from their panels. The style is vital when the industry is facing critical states or when an urgent problem happens than needs and immediate action. The company can also use the method when need arises. For example, if and mishap happens in the industry, managers may take authority to make sure that quick and coordinated response is available.

Democratic leadership: even if democratic managers make the final choice, they call they staff to boost the decision-making procedure. Under this management method, the airline employees feel respected, that is why they are positive to working stiff by more than a financial payment. The strategic choice should also ensure competent communication and a follow up on the workers to make sure that they give quality services. This boosts team inspiration and encourages originality

Laissez-faire leadership: it is a method where the leader observes that the affiliates of the team are functioning well individually. The airline managers should implement the style where they would provide all the control and power to their workers. The workers are to determine goals, resolve problems and make decisions on individually. Functioning under laissez-faire management method, workers can enhance their communication abilities, group work expertise, as well as improve devotion and accountability.

 3.2. Different motivational theories

Motivational theories can be categorized in two diverse viewpoints. Content theories stress on what inspire individuals and the process hypothesis stress on the actual process of incentive. Motivation is multifaceted and it is prejudiced by extraction and reinforced by numerous issues. According to standard inspirational theories such as Herzberg and Maslow, people have a set of wants and they would act in such a method that completes them. While other inspirational theorists like Locker and Victor argued that the knowledgeable exp expectations and exacting aims would be motivator issues that lead people to labor in order to reach desired aims. The Maslow model outlines that one, workers must please lower level desires before they please higher stages. Seconly,that once they have gratified the desire, it no longer inspires them and the subsequent seniors want take its rest (Maslow, 2001). On the other hand, Herzberg theory proposes that there are two essential desires of people such as hygiene and motivation. He outlines the major factors concerning inspiration they are those things that inspires the workers in the place of work and those issues stopped work displeasure. Herzberg encourages managers to examine the task itself rather than circumstances of labor.

However, according to McGregor hypothesis, director of association possess two diverse statements about the individual character and s/he explained these two postulations in two dissimilar theories: Theory X and Theory Y. as per to theory X, the populaces has always being innate for the detest of labor. They always try to stay away from the labor either they can perform or not. According to him, leaders always believe that their workers are indolent. Manager has to compulsory, direct and restricted his people to do labor.

 For instance, virgin employ two motivational models the Herzberg and Maslow. It uses the Maslow theory since it suggested them when they attain one stage then it inspires them to attain the subsequently. Also, virgin Atlantic purposes to motivate its employees both by paying interest to sanitation issues and by enabling satisfiers (Taneja, 2008). For example, it inspires and authorizes its employees by appropriate and favorable communication, by presenting responsibility and engaging workers in decision creation. They debate this in ways in which employees can be part of the deliberations on pay increase. This shows the recognition of the labor that workers do and booty them.

3.3. The applicability and usefulness of a motivation theory for manager of Atlantic Airway.

Motivation is to hearten populaces to labor separately or in methods such as to generate best consequence. It is the wish to apply high levels of efforts towards managerial aims, trained by the efforts and ability to please some personal desires. Motivation is pertained in the entire class of desires, drivers, wishes and wants.  By managers inspire their minors are to mean that they do those things that they believe could satisfy these  needs and make the minors  perform in a preferred  way. The essential job of management is to inspire others. It entails the capability to converse, to set a paradigm, to encourage, challenge, to develop and train, getting feedback, to provide a just reward and to inform (Beiske, 2007).

The staffs have to be take care of with attentiveness. At virgin, the manager has to remain friendly and uphold a level of detachment with their employees. It is a tricky position to squash. The employees look up on the director as their head. They expect maturity, understanding and rationality from their superiors. Simple issues like calling individuals by their surname, chatting or even broad query about their happiness, bring in a sentiment of belongingness. All the workers in the organization shake to a diverse location. A treatment that inspires one employee might not inspire the other. Understanding the variation in character and personality among the individuals is very significant. Managers place reasonable goals. Planning too lofty job makes a feeling of non-accomplishment, right from the start. The goals placed should be those which seem practicable to the employees to be attained. A slight higher aim than the anticipated provides a challenge.

L.O. 4.0

4.1 The structure of team and group behavior Atlantic Airway

The team collection can be defined as two or more individuals working and interacting jointly for a common reason. When populaces function in sets rather than as individuals, the objectives of the association can be easily attained. However, functioning in a collection can be a complex job. A work set of an institution is the most crucial foundation for the social uniqueness of workers in that institution. Therefore, performance at the place of work and relations external to the institution are inclined by the personality of the team in the association.

Different types of teams are made to get precise results in the association. The affiliates accept to common functioning, becoming equally depended in their operations, and relate with each other to endorse its attainment (Virgin, 2012, online). At virgin, individuals are encouraged to work together and establish self-management teams in order to accomplish their tasks. The effect of a team performance is believed to be much higher and successful as compared to that of individuals. The team at virgin is small and active and it mainly depends on set initiatives to assist in the daily operations of the airline. With the excellent delegation of functions among the groups, virgin is believed to be among the most productive airlines around the globe.

 4.2. Factors that may encourage or slow down the development of effective teamwork in Atlantic Airway

            An effective group is the one that attains a high level of job presentation, team feasibility and member approval. The factors that necessary in expanding the effectual cooperation are: excellent leadership, efficient communication, diversity, and Plan for difference declaration. Organization is one of the most important elements of collaboration. This means that the group manager has the capability to make and sustain an operational culture that is optimistic, which in turn might assist to inspire (Centro, 2008).

For example, Atlantic airways have good management and this assists them to stimulate and even encourage the group associates to be concerned in creating a constructive operational setting. The manager not only centre’s on their own plan and course of the squad, but also ensures that the other team affiliates share this heart. Also they are able to encourage a high level of confidence between the group affiliates so that they fee sustained and appreciated. Virgin trains their workers to have excellent and effectual communication since contact is very a very crucial issue of interpersonal communication.

Therefore, one of the main features of the joint effort is open communication, where it enables associates to express their thoughts, agendas and shares their plan, and appreciates everyone views. Also, in case of reduced contact observed, virgin’s leader labor around the feature and make means for efficient communication between colleagues. Diversity also encourages innovation, creativity and increase virgin’s awareness and admiration for diversities, which could support efficient cooperation.

However, group affiliates have a method of saying their viewpoints without dread of causing crime to anyone. In fact, it is recommendable for group associates to actually assemble with their parties in divergence and work out the variations among them. However, solidarity can only come about when the group head sets a duty, which might be followed by the group affiliates.

4.3 Impact of technology from various perspectives on the team working within the Atlantic Airway 

             New knowledge has been initiated into the places of work. Majority of the institutions perceive the skill as the ways to boost profit and to remain spirited in the market. For example, at Atlantic airways, IT is at the center all things they perform to make the services enhanced for clients. New expertise can liberate the airways workers capability, by offering diverse scores of employees a chance to be involved in new duties (Peterson, 2011). On the positive side, the skill has a collision on how employees can be taught and rationalized. Examples of the skill comprise accessing information through handheld equipments, online training and interactive DVD’s. Atlantic airways employ online knowledge since it is simple for workers to obtain information, split excellent performance and remain modernized with new studies. The use of skills can advance and in some instances delay team performance. As the technology modifies groups should inform and uphold their skill in order to purpose efficiently. Computers, mobile phones, E-mails and groupware are technologies that have enhanced team operation within institutions. E-mails enable workers and clients to converse together even when they are geographically apart. This means that virgin group associates do not require being in the same location at similar time in order to converse efficiently. Therefore, they use mobile phones since it permits groups to converse even when group associates are out of work place or otherwise engaged.

Conclusion

Virgin Atlantic is absolutely flourishing in the tourism and travel sector.  The organizational arrangement of corporation reflects its leadership attitude, culture, and its leadership styles plus the environment has to be operational. For a company to boost its productivity, it has to continue building clients trust, enhance reliability, consistency, customer care and legendry. Customer’s satisfaction is the most crucial goal of all the business thus virgin must always work with its employees in order to achieve it.

The leadership of the corporation has mainly been recommended since it takes into consideration its clients and employees needs and wants. Training and enhancement programs should be arranged by the management for the benefit of customer’s service employees, it should be methodical in nature (Shaw, 2007). In addition, for the industry to boost its output it has to enhance the quality of its foodstuffs and also to take on client segmentation. An effective group is the one that attains a high level of job presentation, team feasibility and member approval. The factors that necessary in expanding the effectual cooperation are: excellent leadership, efficient communication, diversity, and Plan for difference declaration. Management is one of the most significant parts of collaboration therefore; the industry must ensure that proper leadership is employed at all levels.

Motivation is to encourage citizens to labor separately or in methods such as to generate best consequence. It is the wish to apply high levels of efforts towards managerial aims, trained by the efforts and ability to please some personal desires.  By managers inspire their minors are to mean that they do those things that they believe could satisfy these  needs and make the minors  perform in a preferred  way. The most essential job of management is to inspire others. It entails the capability to converse, to set a paradigm, to encourage, challenge, to develop and train, getting feedback, to provide a just reward and to inform.

References

Beiske, B, (2007). Loyalty Management in Airline Industry, GRIN Verlag

Centro, A,  (2008). The Airline Industry: Challenges in the 21st Century, Physica-Verlag Heidelberg

 Fojt, M, (2006) The Airline Industry, Emerald Group Publishing

Gitman, LJ, McDaniel, CD, (2005). The Future of Business: The Essentials. Mason

Griffin,R.W.Moorhead,G.(2011) ‘ organizational behavior: Managing people and organizations’. Cenganag Learning.

Grout,J& Fisher,L.(2010) ‘’what you need to know about Leadership’’. John Wiley & Sons.

Hofstede,G.(2000) Culture’s consequences: Internal difference in Work related Values. Beverly Hill,Sage.

Hellriegel, D & Scolum, JW, (2007).Organizational Behavior, Thomson Learning

Maslow, A.H. (2001)  the theory of human motivation. Psychological review,50 (4)

Peterson,J. & Bailey, G.( 2011).charitable benefits of good motivation. World press.

Resource cenetre (2010) capital capture, available at:http://www. Capitalcapture.com/virgin atlantic.php Accessed  march 2,2012.

Virgin (2012) available at: http://www.virgin.com/about-us Accessed March,8, 2012. Schafer, M, (2007) The Importance of Customer Service Relationship Management                  in Automotive Supply, GRIN Verlag

Shaw, S, (2007) Airline Marketing and Management, Ashgate Publishing

Taneja, NK, (2008). Flying Ahead of the Airplane, Ashgate Publishing

  
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