Advantages to using Object-Oriented Programming as compared to Procedural Programming
Object-oriented programming is a paradigm that utilises abstractions such as objects and classes to develop models based on environment on real world. An object-oriented application utilises a group of objects that offers communication by transmitting messages to request services. In this regard, objects have the ability to pass message, process data and receive messages (Jagadev, Amiya & Satchidananda, 2007). Object-oriented programming is designed to increase the maintainability and flexibility of programs. These programs are easier to develop because they are created using OO language modular (D'Hondt, 2010). Therefore, they are simpler to understand following their development. On the other hand, procedural programming, functions are created in sequence and called within various parts of the program. Therefore, if one function in the programing changes, it affect all codes that calls in it. The functions in this programming are used severally. Besides the program is developed in top down design.
Advantages of object-oriented programming
OOP has several advantages over procedural programming. First, object-oriented programming offers a perfect modular structure for programs. This makes it an efficient program for crucial abstract data-types where details for implementations are not provided (Jagadev, Amiya & Satchidananda, 2007). In addition, this program has clearly defined interface. Secondly, object-oriented programming facilitates easier maintenance and modification of existing codes. Hence, new objects can be developed with minor differences to the existing objects. Thirdly, object-oriented programming offers better structure for code libraries (D'Hondt, 2010). Therefore, software components that are supplied can be simply modified and adapted by the programmer. This is feature is very useful because it enables graphical user interfaces. The drawback with procedural programming is that maintenance of the software is time consumin