Introduction – National Health Priority Conditions
The National Health Priority Areas (NHPA) is a collective effort of Territory, State, and Commonwealth governments, which utilized appropriate expertise to deal with various conditions and diseases. Therefore, it recognizes the most cost-effective and appropriate areas of intervention. It also focuses on some of the sustaining health determinants. Precisely, it focuses on health conditions such as obesity (Lam et al., 2015). For a long time, Australians have been grappling with the problem of obesity and overweight. Annually, the country registers approximately 0.8 per 100,000 persons in terms of obesity. Additionally, obesity and overweight are responsible for more than 869 deaths per year in the country where 49 per cent and 51 per cent are females and males respectively (Grantham et al., 2013).
Derek is 56-year-old farmer living in Tullamore. He suffers from obesity and associated complications including hypertension, knee pain, and back pain. He has a BMI of 36.7 and fits into the National Health Priority area of obesity. The social determinants of health include individual behaviour (drinking, smoking), genetics and biology (age and sex), social environment (income), access to health services, and physical environment (Swinburn & Wood, 2013). Specifically, Derek has a history of smoking and he drinks severally as well as has a BMI of 36.7, which predisposes him to obesity. His great-grandfather emigrated from Lebanon, which suggests that genetic factors may increase his risk to the disease (Grantham et al., 2013).
Differences between assessment and screening exist in the National Health Priority Condition. Screening refers to transitory process that takes place after the persons pursue health services. It specifies whether a person is likely to be suffering from disorder such as mental health disorder or substance use disorder. If the screening results indicate co-occurring issue, an individual must undergo in-depth assessment (Swinburn & Wood, 2013). On the other hand, assessment takes place following screening and involves collection of essential information to collectively conceptualize the issue and initiate a treatment strategy. Indeed, Body Mass Index (BMI) is approved by the National Health Priority (NHP) to screen for obesity and overweight among the adults. BMI is a degree of body fat in relations to height and weight of the persons. It is mainly used to screen persons aged above 20 years (Anikeeva et al., 2015). The BMI is advantageous tool in the screening for overweight and obesity because it