Factors Contributed To the Success and More Importantly the Defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon Bonaparte is considered as having been one of the greatest military geniuses in history. Napoleon was able to expand France borders to an empire spanning from Spain to the Russian steppes. Though Napoleon did not bring with him a novel method of warfare, he is still regarded as a tactical genius in handling the armies dominant in the late18th and early 19th centuries. Napoleon was able to establish dominance as a revolutionary leader beginning with the Toulon siege and more so during his triumphs in 1796 Italy (Banner, 2010, 22). His talents with regard to warfare reached the pinnacle of his career in the Ulm battlefront, Jena and Austerlitz from 1805 to 1806 (Doyle, 2013, 67). However, as his empire collapsed, his weaknesses clearly manifested themselves in the final days of his empire as he sought to literally micromanage an expansive army. This paper seeks to look in to aspects that led to the creation of his empire and more so his weaknesses which led to the collapse of his expansive European empire (Griffith, 2009, 25).
Napoleon the emperor
Napoleon Bonaparte is known to have preferred to micro manage an expansive army which not only be came to massive to control but what really led to his downfall were the awards that were offered to those military officers who had excelled under hid rule (Price, 2013, 23). His invasions into Spain and Russia are considered as military failures that led to the collapse of his empire (Bonaparte, 2010, 58). He had succeeded at keeping his enemies divided with armies that were in most instances growing in size though remained static. Napoleon was able to adapt to war as situations changed all across Europe making history regard him as an iconic military commander (Fremont-Barnes, 2010, 72).
Some historians consider Napoleon as a talented thug while others consider him as a military genius. As a master of the interactions of war, Napoleon had the innate ability to apply weapons and techniques at his disposal though in most cases he was not an economical military tactician (Shusterman, 2013, 90). Napoleon is regarded by some war historians as a one of the greatest military tacticians especially after the battle of Austerlitz which essentially brought about the collapse of the Austro-Russian military unions. Napoleon is referred to as being an instinctive genius rather than being a professional genius (Hill, Fallowfield, Price & Wilson, 2011, 76).
Napoleon military career
In the available literature, it is said that from 1792 to 1815, Napoleon is accredited with having commanded a total of 34 battles of which only six ended in defeat. Napoleon was indeed a very practical individual whose prowess was in most times not limited to strategies drawn up on paper. He is said to have made a declaration saying that war as an art is simple, with no definite or precise rules at all, war appertains to simple executions (Berlin, 2013, 28). He is said to have adhered to a simple philosophy which called for offensive tactics targeted towards decisive clashes with his enemies. In 1805, Napoleon led a campaign aimed at wiping out Austrian forces where after on sev