Essay on Monet and Cézanne - Essay Prowess

Essay on Monet and Cézanne



In the modern society, the 20th century has not only created new beginnings in the economic, social and political sectors, but also in the art’s sector. The mode of representing images through painting have evolved enhancing the way the art’s sector was being undertaken using traditional concepts and ideas in the effort of representing the modern world. However, various revolutionary artists have been involved in developing the art industry at least to update the sector with the changing technology. For example, Monet, one of the great leaders of the impressionism movement in France, researched on the effects that the outdoor light had on the nature and created an animated appearance on his canvas[1]. Most of the traditional arts were dominated by texts, anecdotes, ideas, stories among others that are currently outdated. This paper pays great attention to the differences and similarities impressionism styles that Monet and Cezanne adopted in representing the nature.

Differences between the work of Monet and Cezanne

Monet style of representing his subjects is not very precise as compared with the style that Cezanne used. For example, Monet technique of creating animated effects on his canvas using outdoor light is not much precise though it clearly displays what the object is. Most of the images that Monet painted were more efficient when someone looks at them while at a distance. On the other hand, Cézanne’s style of displaying his objects shows the contemporary of Monet mode of representing his objects. That is, Cezanne style displays clear evidence and facts in his paintings during the start of the cubism movement that arose in reaction to the Monet`s impressionism movement. Cezanne style of approaching the subjects was different from that of Monet and the images of his paintings were effective even at a close distance[2].

In addition, Monet art of representing objects concentrated much on the effect of light on the nature in the effort of displaying its pure beauty. On the other hand, Paul Cezanne focused on the on the exploration of formal structure of the landscapes, portraits and still lives. In addition, rather than analyzing the entire impression of the scene, Cezanne style of arts described the organization of the object thus reducing the object into simplest forms. This technique makes the technique more mechanistic and less natural as opposed to the technique that Monet used. For example, Monet painted banks in Washington D.C using the expression of light, which displays the emotion and feelings of the power of nature. Monet focused on the flowers, water in the pond, shrubs and trees that were on the backgrounds of the Washington`s national gallery. Cezanne also painted building in Washington`s national gallery, but his mode of painting concentrated much on unnatural way[3]. Cezanne used dark, bold, striking and contrasting colors to describe the landscape, while Monet used soft, pastel-like colors.

In addition, Monet innovations of painting lead to the creation of the impressionism movement in France while the revolutionary motivation of Cezanne arose in reaction to the impressionism movement. That is the innovations of Monet stimulated Cezanne to advance them through simplifying them. For example, he insisted that his painting involve treating nature in terms of a cone, cylinder or sphere. However, by using color to paint these shapes, he occasionally merged parts of these figures with the elements of the background. His advancement of the impressionism made him be outlined as the link between impressionism and modernism. Moreover, his innovations were the motivators of the modern masters of Arts, an aspect that makes most artists such as Matisse and Picasso refer him as the father of modernism[4].

Similarities of the work of Monet and Cezanne

Both Monet and Cezanne presented the revolutionary and inventive ideas on how to represent nature on canvas in their styles of painting. For example, Monet represents nature in his painting innovations through researching on the outcomes of outdoor light while Cezanne simplified the style of representing the nature by reducing the object in the simplest forms. These philosophies and techniques of both Cezanne and Monet paved way for other artists by acquiring the motivation of advancing the art’s sector to modernism[5].

Moreover, both Monet and Cezanne displayed the style of landscaping in one aspect or the other. For example, in 1880, Monet used oil to paint bank buildings in Washington D.C attracted most people to his newly created environments. On the other hand, in 1904, Cezanne completed his painting on a building of a national gallery in Washington D.C[6].

In addition, both revolutionists were determined to advance the art sector through their vigorous and extensive research and studies. Both had advanced knowledge of technically mixing colors and their advanced paintings that influenced many individuals. Their art of painting were even used to create landscapes in big cities such as Washington D.C[7] .


It is, therefore, evident that the revolutionists Monet and Cezanne paved way for the modernism of the art industry. These revolutionists eliminated narratives and stories that dominated the traditional art sector. Most of these traditional pictures were always illustrated by anecdotes, ideas, stories and other illustrations, but these revolutions contributed greatly to the advancement of the art industry. These two revolutionists influenced most masters of the arts in the modern society to the extent that most of them nowadays consider them as the fathers of the art industry.


Gedo, Mary Mathews, and Claude Monet. 2010. Monet and his muse: Camille Monet in the artist’s life. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.