Modern European Historical Perspectives
The Russian Revolution occurred in 1917 during the final stages of World War I. The revolution replaced the Russian Autocratic rule to Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It ended in 1920 after Vladimir Lenin solidified power after three years of civil war. Although the revolution happened during this time, the causes of the revolts date back several years before. The nation had strict labor laws especially among women workers. Consequently, women leaders such as Alexandra Kollontai advocated for socialism ideologies led by Vladimir Lenin. She formed Women Socialist movements that advocated for the women’s rights especially to stop the oppression of women at factories and homes. Moreover, she used newspaper articles during the revolution to campaign for women to join Russian Revolutionary Party and agitate for women workers’ plight as well as right to vote among women.
Majority of women participated in Russian Revolution in the early twentieth century. Various reasons contributed to the Russian women to become revolutionaries. Initially, they focused on the rights of women. However, they later participated in political pragmatism to become a revolt against roles set by their traditions and fight for equality of all people. They formed a movement that involved many roles traditionally attributed to females. In addition, during the Russian Revolution women always preferred non-leadership positions relative to their male counterparts. The number of women taking part in the revolution was relatively small in October 1917 revolution. However, their outcomes reshaped and changed the lives of women in Russia for many years.
The results of the revolution had both positive and negative effects. For instance, many women decided to change to normal and traditional modes in the patriarchal society. Many chose this option because of the strong desire of both men and women to return to a normal daily living. The effects occurred following deprivations and horrors during the Russian Civil war between 159-60. Many women were subjects of not only traditional responsibility but also mandatory state employment. The patriarchal society was dominated by strict rules during the autocratic for many centuries. For instance, the customs and traditional rules strictly required unconditional women obedience to their male relatives.
Women were also regarded as inferior to men while women were best suited in matters of household management and morality. In this respect, the rules and traditional customs created an enabling environment in which women could challenge their rights. In addition, these demands shows why Russian women were determined to participate in revolutionary wars as compared to other western women.
Furthermore, women composed of more than one third of senior positions in the “People’s Will” organization. The group contributed to overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II. The high number of females in the Russian revolution was determined by the rise of Industrial revolution especially in the twentieth century. In addition, the country had poor infrastructures especially in the rural areas. Therefore, the circumstances forced women to have larger number of domestic and industrial responsibility as compared to other Western women in the nineteenth century.
The Russian women had greater responsibilities to work on homes because they served as mistress of big estate or a small hut. They roles were to conduct supervision for the maintenance and man