Keyless entry/ computerized driver id/ passkey technology.
Remote keyless entry systems are formulated to offer remote permission for entry or the opposite to premises and motor vehicles without physically inserting a key. These technologies allow the user to open or lock entry points at a given distance from the building or motor vehicle with the help of an electronic key which communicates with an electronically enabled lock system via the relay of radio frequency signals. The electronic key serves as a transmitter and the electronic lock system bears a receiver circuit. Keyless systems in motor vehicles were first introduced into the market in the early 80s. They are applied in door locks systems and motor vehicle ignition systems (Maxim Integrated, 2005).
Computerized driver identification card is basically a smart card. A smart card contains an embedded electronic computer chip. The electronic computer chip is used to store information of the holder (Maxim Integrated, 2005). An electronic computer chip is also known as memory cards. For a computerized driver identification card, the issuer which is usually a government agency, issues this ID cards to persons who have passed driving tests. The issuer enters the required information into the memory card contained in a driver’s license.
Smart cards are a secure way of verifying owner identification; they are light and convenient upon request for presentation. Its structure consists of a micro chip glued on an encapsulation covered with a very thin substrate material which is then coated with a very thin metal layer. This metal layer serves as the electronic contact points with which stored data can be accessed for verification. A bond wire connects the endpoints of the micro- chip and the metal layer. The memory chip has eight points: the VCC, for power supply; Reset (RST) point; Clock (CLK), delivers the clock signal for timing electronic impulses; Ground (GND) terminal; VPP, which is the voltage for imputing programmable data into the chip; Input/ Output (I/O), which is basically a serial port. C4 and C8 have varying uses.
Passkey technology basically entails protection of motor vehicles from incidences of theft. After a car has been manufactured while still at the factory, the manufacturer will embed in the car key, a micro chip that when the ignition is turned on for the first time is programmed to respond to that (Motor Watch, 2010) car only and is prerequisite for the driver to put it in the ignition for the car to start. After being programmed to be inline with the cars computer systems offers sufficient security. The pass key communicates with the cars intelligent computer system enabling the car to respond to the drivers commands for operation. Data is transmitted through the use of radio transmissions of short wavelengths set at a specified operation radius (Motor Watch, 2010).
All these technologies are used by drivers and their motor vehicles and offer a sophisticated means of protection from theft and proper identification of drivers through the use of cutting edge technologies of intelligent electronic circuits applied such that they are cost effective and at the same time efficient for protection from incidences of crime.
“Requirements of Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) Systems.” Maxim Integrated. 16 Feb. 2005. 14 Mar. 2011. http://www.maxim-ic.com/app-notes/index.mvp/id/3395
“Car Care Tips.” Motor Watch. 2010. 14 Mar. 2011.
(Motor Watch, 2010)