Infants and Toddlers
Once a baby arrives, it immediately commences to adapt in conformance to the external environment. The baby’s mind intuitively begins to learn how to survive in the new setting. According to Harris and Petersen (2017), by the time an infant is preparing to begin sitting up, it has already utilizes some mathematical concepts. Their minds have at this stage of development already noticing differences in the size, shape and quantity of everyday objects (Clements & Sarama, 2014). It is imperative that parents work in collaboration with teachers towards creating age appropriate learning setting necessary for optimized mathematical skills development.
Infant and toddler mathematical skills development is generally considered as early math. It involves a wide range of fundamental models like patterns, shapes, counting, spatial relations, quantity, and measurements (Harris & Petersen, 2017). However, researchers note that purposeful early math development occurs when skills are simultaneously advanced with other skills like early literacy. Pre-school children tend to learn mathematics through other subjects like reading with greater outcomes as opposed when one skill is being taught alone (Clements & Sarama, 2014). An appropriate early math learning model i