Implementing Infant Driven Feeding
Infants requires special attention in order for them to develop from that critical condition where they can manage to respond appropriately whenever they want to be fed, breast fed, attention, or any other external and internal stimuli. Generally, during the very first few days, weeks or months after a child is born, the mother in most cases attends to her new born through anticipating what she or he is in need of. Besides everything, proper nutrition is always fundamental as far as the neurological, psychological, mental and physical development of an infant is concerned. The situation becomes worse if the infant is born prematurely and still shows early signs of poor feeding. Such infants tend to experience delays in development, and this results to longer stays in hospitals or frequent hospitalization incidences (Ackley & Ladwig, 2014). Volume driven feeding measures in various neonatal intensive care units (NICU) has been perceived to be the major predicament for effective growth of preterm newborns. However, it is time to forego this initiative and embrace infant driven feeding in order to reduce the duration of hospital stay among infants, and more importantly, to enhance their wholesome development. In addition, infant driven feeding measures would ease the infant`s transition period from tube feeding to oral feeding.
According to Shaker (2008), neonatal intensive care units coupled with the use of the modernized technological advances have helped in the survival of preterm infants, including those who are born weighing less than 1000g (low birth weight). In the united states, approximately 1 percent out of the 40,000 infants who are born every year tend to be extremely preterm infants. Apparently, though the NICU manage to enhance the survival of these infants, the measures that use in enhancing the survival rates for this population enhances the risk for nutritional, sensory, motor and growth problems. In addition, though volume driven feeding to the infants ensures that the latter have taken sufficient amounts of food which is necessary in terms of enhancing his or her su