The human body is prone to a wide variety of sexually transmitted diseases. In fact, they second cancer regarding the extent to which they affect the quality of life of a human being. However, sexually transmitted diseases are considered to be amongst the fastest spreading infections today. Examples of the sexually transmitted infections include HIV, herpes (HSV) and HPV (human papillomavirus) (Walboomers et.al, 1999). In this context, the center of analysis is the Human Papillomavirus. The analysis will incorporate a brief definition of this sexually transmitted infection. Further, it will provide an overview of how it is transmitted and factors that may influence speedy transmission of the infection. Other aspects that will be addressed in this paper include the health problems that emerge from the disease, how to avoid it, how one knows that he or she has it, and the possible treatment for the infections.
First, HPV is one amongst the most common sexually transmitted infections amongst the human race. Despite the fact that it is sexually transmitted, it is different from other viruses such as the HIV and HSP. The HPV is said to affect at least every sexually active man or woman at a point in their lives. Usually, this virus belongs to the papillomavirus family that is said to have the potential to infect humans. The HPV is affiliated with the establishment of productive infections that affect the keratinocytes of the mucous membranes and skin. There are different types of HPV. Some are fatal to an extent that they can cause death since they result in serious health issues such as genital warts, as well as, cancer.
The HPV is commonly spread through engaging in anal, oral and vaginal sex especially with someone who already has the virus. However, most cases are said to emerge as a result of the anal and vaginal sex. Usually, one can contract the virus even when the symptoms are not yet visible. There are numerous cases of HPV amongst the sexually active persons.
However, from a more specific angle, there are more ways through which this infection is transmitted. First, there is the perinatal transmission. A mother can pass the virus to the child during birth. The HPV type 6 and type 11 develops and is realized at the juvenile stage and can be established through the recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. The hands can also be used to transmit the virus. The high-risk HPV is exchanged from one hand to the other. From a statistical perspective, the Partridge report stipulated that the fingertips of men showed positive tests for the high-risk HPV. Further, sharing of objects that are contaminated may result in the transmission of HPV.
The blood is also considered to be a means of transmission of the HPV. Recent studies have indicated that the virus can be identified in the patient’s blood, especially those with cervical cancer. Cancer could be as a result of this virus. Most importantly, it is imperative to denote that the HPV-16 is the most common virus in this context (Walboomers et.al, 1999). Surgery also is a cause of this viral infection. The surgical staff is prone to this virus because they tend to inhale the noxious particles that are emitted by the patients who have the virus.
There are no specific tests for the HPV health status. Further, there are not pre-approve tests that could be used to determine the cases of HPV in the throat and the mouth. However, there are HPV tests that could be used to screen cervical cancer. Such tests are usually recommended for the women ranging from 30 years and above (Walboomers et.al, 1999). However, these tests are not applicable to men who are below that age. The reason that most people do not know whether they are infected or not is because there no serious initial health problems that emerge from it. In fact, most people tend to find out that they may be suffering from the disease when they realize that they have genital warts. Alternatively, the females may establish that they have the virus when the start getting pat test results that are abnormal.
Unlike viruses such as the HIV, the HPV is said to have a way of prevention. The young boys and girls who are of ages between 11 and 12 years ought to get vaccinated. However, there are alternative catch-up vaccine measures that are used for the males who are above the age of 21 years. For the females, this catch-up vaccine is only appropriate when one is above the age of 26 years. The vaccine is also essential in the context of people with poor immune systems. The Food and Drug Administration provided an official approval of three most important vaccines in the context of preventing the sexually active persons from contracting this virus. These vaccines include the Cervarix®, Gardasil® 9 and Gardasil® (Human Papillomavirus, 2016). They offer a very strong level of protection against possible infections of the HPV. However, they do not exemplify any form of effectiveness in treating already infected individuals.
It is imperative to understand that consistent use of the condom is highly affiliated with the transmission of the HPV infections. However, the reduced use of condoms is said to assist in the reduction of the cases of HPV infections. It could be used as a prevention measure. The condoms fail to cover all the parts that could attract increased infection. Therefore, it is considered a potential risk factor when it comes to the engaging in a sexual encounter with an infected person.
The HPV is not affiliated with any form of health problems. However, when the HPV is not eliminated, it could result in the health issues such as cancer and genital warts. Most probably, the high-risk HPV is the cause of these serious health issues. Genital warts appear to be some small bumps around the genital areas.
There is no precise treatment for the virus. However, there are alternative methods that can be used to treat the health problems affiliated with the HPV. First, the genital warts are treatable by the physician (Neefe et.al, 2004). Failure to treat these warts may result in them growing bigger, smaller or even going away. Cervical cancer can also be treated. The women get subjected to the pap tests and even follow up treatments as stipulated by the health care practitioner or physician. There are other cancers that are related to the HPV (Walboomers et.al, 1999). These cancers are treatable especially when they are established in the early stages.
Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines – National Cancer Institute. (2016). Retrieved from http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/risk/infectious-agents/hpv-vaccine-fact-sheet
Walboomers, J. M., Jacobs, M. V., Manos, M. M., Bosch, F. X., Kummer, J. A., Shah, K. V., … & Muñoz, N. (1999). Human papillomavirus is a necessary cause of invasive cervical cancer worldwide. The Journal of pathology, 189(1), 12-19.
Neefe, J. R., Goldstone, S. E., Winnett, M. T., Siegel, M., & Boux, L. J. (2004). U.S. Patent No. 6,797,491. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.