Human growth and development encompass physical, social, environmental, developmental, and spiritual aspects. It begins from conception towards maturity in the adulthood. Physical development starts from infants where individuals develop their outward identity. The importance of the physical body is that it helps an individual to interact with other people. The social or culture is a person’s identity including ethnicity or neighbourhood where a person grows up. In addition, culture includes customs and the character of the culture that assists in the shaping of an individual microsystem.
Besides, culture plays a role in teaching an individual the beliefs and values to follow throughout their life span. Environmental defines the surroundings that a person is brought up through the interaction between one’s self, family, church, or work and how it affects a person’s development. Developmental involves the changes that happen within a person’s body including all the discussed factors including emotional and spiritual changes (Thies & Travers, 2001). This paper focuses on my development from prenatal, infant, childhood, adolescence, youth, and adulthood in terms of the factors aforementioned above.
The prenatal development begins after a woman conceives and has three stages including germinal stage, embryonic, and foetal period. The germinal stage begins with the fertilization of the egg and sperm cell to form a zygote. The single-celled zygote rapidly undergoes massive cell division to form an embryo. In the embryonic period, body parts such as head, nose, ears and mouth begins to form, as well as the circulatory system. The foetal stage takes the longest period, and the foetus is characterized with massive growth and increase in weight. During the prenatal development, the foetal weight and growth increases the mother’s weight significantly, as evidenced with enlarged belly.
In addition, the mother’s hormones changes and stops the menstrual period after a successful implantation, therefore, it emotionally prepares the pregnant mothers on how to take care of the unborn. Socially, the pregnant mothers find the activities they previously enjoyed such as drinking alcohol and smoking less palatable in order to protect the growing life inside themselves. The brain of the unborn begins to mature at the foetal stage, but it has no intellectual capacity as it has not fully matured (Thies & Travers, 2001).
Early childhood stage