Health Disparities among the Hispanic population in the US
According to the National Institute of Health (NIH), health disparities relate to the differences commonly arising between different demographic groups of individuals (2013). Health disparities tend to affect the frequency with which diseases challenge a given group, the number of people getting sick as well as how often people from a group suffer death as a result of such diseases. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the Hispanic or Latino population makes up about 17% of the total US population. Hispanic populations in the US include people from Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican central or South American origin or Spanish cultures irrespective of race.
Health disparities among the Hispanic population arise from a diverse array of diseases, environmental exposures, social determinants, income, disability status, education, and behavioral risk attribute as well as many related social factors. This paper seeks to give a general discussion of the health disparities associated with the Hispanic population and also provide a in depth discussion of the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among the Hispanic people. This paper will also critique a current pharmacological treatment strategy as well as describe the impact on the overall health of this population. This essay will also explain how, socio-economic factors, cultural values and traditional practices and beliefs contribute to Latino health disparities.
Overview of health disparities among the Hispanic population in the US
The CDC published the Health Disparities & Inequalities Report-United States (CHDIR) in 2013. This report offered valuable insights as to the health disparities consistent with Hispanic populations in the US. Significant Health Disparities noted included the increase in obesity cases among Mexican American female adults, diabetes, periodontitis, HIV infection rates and prevalence of teenage births. The report also provided that teenage females aged from 15 to 19 years projected a birth rate five times higher in comparison to non Hispanic populations. It was also noted that a huge percentage of Hispanic men aged from 18 to 64 years have no health insurance in comparison with non Hispanic