In the present times, most governments, both the developing and developed ones have been highly concerned with the issue of security more than ever before. This is mostly due to the fact that for economic development to be achieved, every government needs investors to come and implement their investment decisions, and this helps not only in the generation of revenue through taxation, but also creation of employment opportunities to the locals. However, before any investor decides to implement his or investment decision, he evaluates the security situation of the host nation, in such a way that if the latter encounter security issues more often, the former may be reluctant to invest. Moreover, considering that there are numerous terrorist groups today compared to some decades ago, most governments have not been leaving anything to chances when it comes to security. In the United States for instance, the September 11 terrorist attack served as an awakening call as far as security is concerned. There are numerous security measures that were established since then, including thorough screening of individuals at the entry points and government surveillance. Though enhancing security is encouraging, some measures such as government surveillance interferes with the affairs of the citizens and contribute very little when it comes to reinforcing the security of a nation. This paper pays high attention to the analysis of why government surveillance is not necessary.
In the contemporary world, the privacy of individuals is highly being jeopardized by the increasing surveillance apparatus that is often hailed in the name of enhancing national security. Various government agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, National Security Agency and the Department of Homeland Security, as well as the state and local law enforcement agencies monitor the communications of innocent citizens with the argument that they are maintaining security. The officials who work in these agencies go to the extent of gathering databases of when and who every citizen calls at any given time, and use vague standards to classify what they refer as ‘suspicious activities’. Apparently, the government`s action of gathering this sensitive data is by itself an invasion of individuals` privacy, which ought to be safeguarded (Timothy 42). In addition to this, the manner in which the sensitive information is used by the government is also associated with abuse. For example, a harmless data is put into inflated watchlists, and the resulting outcomes are punitive consequences to innocent citizens. For example, numerous innocent individuals have found themselves being barred from some kinds of jobs, being prevented from boarding planes, their bank accounts being frozen, and being interrogated by security officials.
In addition, when citizens` private information is in the hands of the government, such information can be broadly shared and preserved fo