The study aims at collecting data on the right to own land and other natural resources across gender in both rural and urban communities. For instance, women’s privileges to own land and other natural resources are affected by civil law and natural resource law (Deininger, Goyal and Nagarajan 2013, p.114). Although some jurisdiction allows for gender neutrality in terms of access to land, most women are hindered by the discriminatory standards of family law and successions particularly on inheritance. Similarly, the access to other natural resources including water is dependent on the land rights. More importantly, rights to natural resources are essential to both the rural and urban women. For instance, the livelihood of women is essentially dependant on them specifically in developing countries (Deere and De Leal 2014, p.23). It also affects the bargaining power of these women within the society, community, and household. Therefore, land reforms initiatives where a male partner in the household is issued with the land title may disadvantage the female partner because it influences her bargaining power hence her social position. The study will seek to assess the rights to natural resources in various countries and whether they differ based on gender or sex (Deininger, Goyal and Nagarajan 2013, p.115). In addition, the study will evaluate the socio-cultural issues that influence the ownership of resources.
Choice of the method and justification
The study utilized descriptive cross-sectional design to assess the level of gender and ownership of property and other local resources within the rural and urban communities. The study will employ descriptive research technique because it intends to offer descriptions of different existing occurrence or conditions, which are linked, to individuals, existing events and situations (Jackson 2015, p.10). The aim of this study is to initiate grand generalization of the findings, out of which theories can be initiated. Moreover, descriptive studies are conducted when the investigator has adequate information concerning the problem and there is no plan of exploring the association between causes and effects of the issue. It is highly recommended when the research encompasses the use of secondary information in analysing some few parts of the issue being studied (Pickard 2013, p.12). Two variables occurred in this study, which included the independent variables (gender factors) and the dependent variables (ownership of property). Additionally, the survey is descriptive since it documents and explains the ways through which gender issues influence ownership of properties and can have it enhanced. Moreover, the cross-sectional study design was adopte