Four Approaches to Family Nursing
Family nursing involves four approaches including the following: family as the context for individual development, family as a client, family as a system and family as a component of society. Every approach is founded from various nursing domains: maternal-child nursing, primary health care nursing, mental/psychiatric health nursing and community health nursing respectively (Kaakinen, Gedaly-Duff, Hanson, & Coehlo, 2010). The paper discusses the four approaches to family nursing and their importance.
Family as a context
This approach emphases a personal care and assessment of patient in the context of the family. In addition, it is the core nursing focus where a person is the foreground while the family is the background. Most notably, the family acts as a source of stress or resource for an individual to illness or better health (Kaakinen, Gedaly-Duff, Hanson, & Coehlo, 2010). The approach is based on the importance of maternal-child nursing hence acknowledges the need for many maternity and pediatric health care settings (Fitzpatrick, & Kazer, 2012). A nurse, therefore, mus