Forgotten Middle-Class; As it pertains to Early Childhood Education Type of paper:
Research paper Discipline:
Psychology and Education Format or citation style:
APA Paper instructions:Master’s Level Class
Signature Assignment: Research Project
Primary Learning Outcomes: Students will demonstrate the ability to a) Describe the characteristics of an appropriate research proposal; b) Distinguish (compare and contrast) between assumptions, limitations and hypotheses; c) understand the different sections of a research proposal; d) distinguish between a research question and a research hypothesis; and e) understand the limitations of their chosen research paradigm
will do a research paper of between 8 and 10 pages (typed,
double-spaced), NOT counting the title page, abstract, tables, or
reference page. The paper should describe, in detail, a hypothetical
experiment (not one from another source). The hypothesis should be
controversial in the sense that one could reasonably predict more than
one outcome on the basis of prior psychological theory/research (which
you should describe in your paper). The paper should be in APA format
(6th Ed). This includes citation format, use of headers, inclusion of an
abstract, etc. It should include an Introduction, in which you describe
your hypothesis and the psychological literature relevant to it, a
Methods section, which describes your experimental procedures in detail,
a Results section, in which you make up some expected results (simple
statistics are desirable, but complicated ones are unnecessary), and a
Discussion section in which you discuss the ramifications of your
experiment. Put differently, you will include the following:
2. Literature Review
3. Research Problems
4. Research Questions
c. Data Collection
d. Data Analysis
7. Results – must include a complete and formal presentation of the results
8. Discussion – of the results, the outcome of each of the hypotheses, and what action should be taken by counselors working at similar facilities for each of the stated hypotheses (recommended actions are ONLY based upon cited peer-reviewed journal articles)
a. Limitations of the study
b. How your study added to the knowledge about this problem
Papers containing 5 pages or less of material appropriate to the requirements of the assignment will receive a grade of 0. Papers must contain appropriate APA headings that match those listed in the outline below – papers without headings will receive a grade of 0.
must include references from at least 10 PEER REVIEWED journal articles
(no citing of books, newspapers, magazines, websites, etc.) that are
The paper is due to be uploaded (1) to the appropriately labeled class Elearning module dropbox AS WELL AS (2) TK20 by the date and time published on the Tentative Class Schedule at the end of this syllabus. The grade you receive on Elearning is the grade that will be awarded for your class grade.
PDFs will receive a grade of 0 on the assignment – turn in a document from a word processing program – such as Word. Papers must include all components in one Word document. You cannot, for example, make the title page or reference page a separate document from the rest of the text.
My Research Topic:
Do working-class families with young children between the ages 3-5 feel they have access to adequate resources for quality child care and early-child hood education? One of the goals of this research is to assess the amount of assistance given to low-income families versus the working-class families, as it pertains to sufficient childcare accessibility. This research is also being conducted to project whether or not resources should be reallocated to help more working class families gain affordable access to preschool/ childcare programs.
Remider: The results can be fake/made up and should prove that there is not enough resources for working class-families to access quality early-education. Student does not have to conduct actual research. Hypothetically, the method used for gathering the data would be a survey of a cluster population, using an attitude scale or Likert- cross-socio-economical.
Some other helpful information to know for the paper
1. The difference between research hypothesis, questions, and problems
a. An important first step toward providing a sound conceptual foundation for your research project is the development of solid research questions, problems, and hypotheses. This process typically begins with a preliminary review of the existing literature for your topic.
2. What is a Research Problem?
a. A research problem is an issue or concern that an investigator presents and justifies in a research study. Anything that a person finds unsatisfactory or unsettling, a difficulty of some sort, a state of affairs that need to be changed. A problem involves areas of concerns to researchers, for conditions they want to improve, difficulties they want to eliminate, questions for which they want to seek answers.
b. To help identify your research problem, ask yourself such questions as: What was the issue/problem you want to study? What is the concern being addressed “behind” this study? Why do you want to undertake this study? Why is this study important to the scholarly community?
c. A research question poses a relationship between two or more variables but phrases the relationship in terms of some question.
d. A well-researched and thought out question will help focus your ideas and ensure you are collecting the appropriate data. This is a critical step in the research process. The research question determines what, where, when, and how the data are collected and is an important link between the conceptual and logistic aspects of your research plan.
e. While reviewing the current literature and formulating your ideas, keep the following questions in mind:
i. Why is this research important? What is it that we don’t know or fully understand?
ii. What have other researchers in my field done?
iii. What areas need further exploration?
iv. Can my study help fill in these gaps or lead to greater understanding?
3. Once your research questions are firmly established the next logical step is to develop a set of hypotheses based on the questions posed by your study. A hypothesis is a declarative statement that attempts to predict the relationship between two or more variables based on statistical consideration.
a. Strong hypotheses:
i. Give insight into the proposed research question;
ii. Are measurable and testable;
iii. Are developed directly from the experiences of the researcher;
iv. Should be concise, as a rule, no more than three hypotheses should be proposed for any given project;
v. There should be a well-founded rationale for all proposed hypotheses.
1. Why did you make these predictions?
2. Why are they important?
3. Provide alternative possibilities for the hypotheses that could be tested. o Why did you choose the ones you did over others?
4. What you mean by “measures?” Did you mean what we are measuring or what we are using to measure the data?
a. Measures refer to what you used to take the measurement for the data that you have generated. If you were doing a study on depression and you used the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) you would discuss the BDI in this section so that the reader could understand what was used to take the measurement for the study. You would discuss the instrument and how it was given.