Examples of brain plasticity surface in nearly every field of Neuroscience
Also referred to as Cortical remapping or neuroplasticity, Brain plasticity refers the innate ability of the brain to change and more so adapt through experience. Early psychologists believed that brain plasticity occurred in children only such that after one reached early adulthood, the physical structure of the brain had attained a state of permanency. However, modern psychology has through research demonstrated that novel neural pathways continue to be created in the brain as existing pathways are altered. Neuroplasticity thus continues to be exhibited in the brain so human beings can be able progressively adapt to fresh experiences, for the creation of new memories and the ability to learn novel information. This paper seeks to discuss and provide examples of brain plasticity surface in the field of neurology in following systems visual, auditory, motor, language, and memory.
The workings of brain plasticity
A human being's brain is known to be made up of more than 100 billion neurons. Early neurologists believed that the process of neuron creation also referred to as neurogenesis ceased soon after birth. New research in neurology has offered proof that the human brain indeed has exceptional abilities to restructure neural pathways, realize the creation of new neural connections and in some specific cases bring about the creation of new neurons.
Brain plasticity is influenced by age and as much as plasticity continues through out one's lifetime, some aspects of brain plasticity are more pronounced in very specific development stages.