The drug abuse epidemic poses a substantial problem across the US. The problem is largely associated with poverty but statistics indicate that it persists in every social group, race, and gender. More importantly, ethical controversies have emerged on the substance abuse among pregnant women. Meanwhile, women abusing drugs in their pregnancy present challenging ethical and legal issues because they endanger the lives of the fetus and infants. In this regard, the debate continues on whether medical findings on substance abuse during pregnancy should be disclosed (Mathews & Bross, 2015). Moreover, controversies exist based on the wishes and rights of pregnant women as compared to the fetuses’ interests. Conflicts develop when the pregnant mother participates in behaviors that are likely to endanger the life of the growing fetus. Similarly, the ethical controversy rises from conflicting beneficence-based and autonomy-based responsibilities to the maternal-fetal relationship (MacKinnon & Fiala, 2014). Counselors and medical practitioners should disclose any case of substance abuse during pregnancy because it would help in safeguarding the lives of children.
The term, Maternal Alcohol, Tobacco and Illegal Drugs (MATID) is used to explain the concern of substance abuse among pregnant mothe