Differential Treatment and Wrongful Convictions
In the United States, the majority of people of color are discriminated when they are in the criminal justice process. Indeed, the Black Africans and Black Caribbean are imprisoned, prosecuted, arrested and searched unreasonably. In youth justice system, South Asian groups are not well-represented justice system. The majority of African Americans women and men are overrepresented in prisons across the country (Pettit, Becky, and Bruce, 2). Juvenile justice systems have also been disproportionately represented because of racial or ethnic factors. The underlying cause of overrepresentation is because of decision to hold an adolescent in the detention camp awaiting investigations. In addition, most of the juvenile cases are waived to adult court (Poe-Yamagata, Eileen, 3). The decision of the prosecutor to petition a case also increases the number of Blacks juveniles in the justice systems. Similarly, the overrepresentation of people of color in the judicial system is because they commit more crimes as compared to the white youths (Pettit, Becky, and Bruce, 2). However, an analysis of the circumstances indicated that these young people are victims of racial bias in the judicial systems.
Moreover, it is contributed by differential police practices and policies. Most of police patrols are conducted in low-income areas and they target group offenders. Study by Poe-Yamagata and Eileen, indicates that Latinos are represented suspiciously in the juvenile justice systems. However, they are few cases of differential treatment among the Hispanics because they are usually regarded as whites. Studies show that young people of color especially African Americans are arrested and confined in correctional facilities more than the white youths (Poe-Yamagata, Eileen, 4).
In the judicial systems sometimes, the innocent people are convicted of crimes they did not commit. There are various reasons for wrongful convictions, which include misidentification of eyewitness, snitches, poor lawyering and false confessions. Reports indicate that eyewitness misidentification is the highest contributor of false conviction. In majority of cases, the offender and the witness are of different races (Gross, Samuel and Michael, 2). In addition, poor choice of lawyers, prosecutor misconduct and lack of adequate investigations contribute to wrongful convictions. P