Critical Issues in Corrections
In the United States, there is an alarming case of sexual assaults. Approximately 300,000 women are raped annually and nearly 3.5 million suffer from unwanted sexual activity. Estimates of 950,000 children are victims of maltreatment annual, of which 9 percent are abused sexually. New cases of sexual offenders in the United States are increasing in the last decades. In prison, they pursue Sexual Offender Treatment program. However, studies have recorded that approximately 7 percent of the offenders return to prison (Harrison, & Rainey, 2013). The treatment program plays a major role in facilitating the safety of the community. Sexual offender treatment initiate facilitate a crucial effort, which aims to assist them to start a new life. The program has reentry initiative to ensure that delinquents receive training and training. Therefore, by the time they are returning to the society, they have enough capacity to make sound decisions that will help them out of prison. Research indicates that nearly 95 percent of the sex offenders return in the society from prison (Petersilia & Reitz, 2012). Therefore, treatment programs are valuable instruments that enable them to become law-abiding individuals.
Wright, (2014) suggest that the best treatment practices help the deviants to learn new methods of managing risks. They also ensure that adequate information is available to assist society and departments in monitoring and controlling sexual offenders sufficiently. Additionally, it ensures that improvement and evaluations are conducted (Siegel & Bartollas, 2014). Sexual deviancy is a self-acquired trait; therefore, a core factor of the treatment is that deviants can understand to evade sexual aggression. There are equipped with skills to live harmoniously with the society (Harrison, & Rainey, 2013). Effective treatment starts with broad assessment that involves psychological examinations, crucial interviews and other strategies aiming to define treatment strategies and goals for every defender.
Professional counselors conduct the treatment whereby they determine what contributed to previous offender’s action (Whitehead, Jones & Braswell, 2010). Subsequently, their history of offences helps to determine their attitudes, behavior and thinking skills, which are necessary for re-offending reductions. Group and individual therapies are very crucial in sexual offender’s treatments. For instance, groups of 12-15 members have very essential in offender’s re-orientations (Petersilia & Reitz, 2012). The groups meet regularly for six to ten hours.
The aims of group therapy in sex offenders’ treatment is to assist in taking responsibility fo