Investigative Techniques Final Exam
The Role of Documentation in the Criminal Investigative Process
The main aim of documentation in the criminal investigation process is to establish visual archives, which will permit prosecuting lawyer and the forensics lab to simply reconstruct views of the scene. The criminal investigative process utilizes papers, pencils and pens, a sketchpad, a tripod, filters, flashes, lenses, various kinds of film, film and digital cameras, a notepad, rulers, and measuring tape at this level of inquiry (Osterburg and Ward 13). Documentation of the crime scene can be achieved through taking notes, photographs, sketches and videos. Taking notes at a scene of the crime is not as direct as it appears. A crime-scene investigator should utilize the scientific observation. During this process, the investigator should avoid recording assumptions and opinions, because they could be harmful and dangerous (Stelfox 34). When explaining a crime scene, an investigator should develop factual observations but must avoid making conclusions.
Photography plays an essential role in documentation of crime scene. Pictures are taken before moving or touching any part of evidence. Photography is of three types, which includes close-ups, mid-views and overviews (Stelfox 35). The overviews enable recording of the area of the crime hence assist to document exits and entrances. Mid-range pictures highlight essential bits of evidence in background, while clos