The earliest inhabitants in Arizona were Hohokam, Pueblo, Navajo and Apache. Cabeza De Vaca was the first European (Spanish) explorer to arrive in Arizona in 1536 followed by Marcos De Niza who entered the area in 1939 (Lavin, 5). Other Spanish explorers include Francisco Vasquez de Coronado. But these Spanish did not conduct economic activities in Arizona, since they were fond of areas such as New Mexico. Prior to 1822, Arizona was a part of Sonora, Mexico (Drickamer, 3). Arizona was under the Mexican authority after the Mexican war of independence between 1810 and 1821. Arizona had small population due to very few settlers. The economy of Arizona has grown over the years from mining to agriculture (Lavin, 8). Currently, manufacturing of electronic and defense industries, contribute a high proportion of Arizona’s economy. In addition, Arizona remains one of the highest producers of copper in the United States. This paper focuses on the economical and historical progress in Arizona.
Economy of Arizona Before the arrival of the Railway
The United States signed the Mexican Cession commonly known as Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 that ended the Mexican-American war and gave the U.S. control of Arizona, north of the Gila River (Drickamer, 4). In addition, following the Mexican-American war, Arizona became a part of the Territory of New Mexico in the United States of America in 1950 (Lavin, 10). In 1853, the United States of America used Gadsden Purchase to control the northern territory of the Sonora State (Sheridan, 8).
The U.S bought the territory between Gila River and south boundary of Arizona from Mexico because it wished to build a railway line in the south area of the river. Most of the early explorers were attracted in Arizona because of prospects of minerals (Drickamer, 8). Nevertheless, the area remained a disputed region on the Territory of New Mexico, therefore, mining contin