Applying the Four Principles Case Study - Essay Prowess

Applying the Four Principles Case Study

Applying the Four Principles Case Study

Applying the Four Principles: Case Study

Applying the Four Principles Case Study

Part 1:

Medical Indications: Beneficence and Non-maleficence Patient Preferences: Autonomy
  Beneficence is a collection of ideologies that require people to prevent harm, avail the necessary benefits, and creates a balance between benefits and risks (Michelle, 2017). It involves extreme acts of kindness in benefiting others from all adverse incidents. The physicians are expected to use their knowledge in ensuring that they extend welfare to their patients. Beneficence is shown through the kindness of Mike and Joanne, who were willing to offer their kidneys for the transplant, but their tissues were not a match of their child. Non-maleficence advises physicians not to harm their patients. Physicians are expected to abstain from acting with malevolence to patients. Non-maleficence provides slight concrete guidance in patient’s upkeep. In the case study, the physician suggests James be given kidney dialysis immediately and not any other type of treatment that would have caused harm to him.   Autonomy is based off of patients’ preferences which encompass the decisions one makes when they are faced with health problems, especially on the patient’s medication. Autonomy then involves respecting the patient’s opinions regarding medication. Patients have different preferences based on their culture and beliefs on what they consider to be right which have to be met by physicians. In Mike and Joanne’s case, autonomy is shown when decisions making is done by them for their child, James. When the nephrologist mentioned kidney transplant, Mike was upset and decided to take James for a healing sermon in the church. Mike is making decisions for James because he is a minor, hence unable to make the appropriate decision by himself. The nephrologist does not make the final decision about what should be done to James, but only provides suggestions. These actions respect the patient’s autonomy.
Quality of Life: Beneficence, Non-maleficence, Autonomy Contextual Features: Justice and Fairness
  Beneficence works towards improving the quality of patient’s life by removing harm. In beneficence, the patients are relieved from suffering, and hence, they lead healthy lives, and thus, they can enjoy their normal life activities (Jonsen, Siegler, &Winslade, 2010). For example, in James’s case, the physician decided to perform a kidney dialysis to ease James’s suffering. James’s health condition improved for some time as his parents were searching for a compatible kidney donor while antibiotics were still being given to James to relieve pain. This gave his parents a peace of mind. Non-maleficence also improves the quality of patients’ lives, but it has a smaller impact compared to that of beneficence. This

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