Childhood Obesity in America - Essay Prowess

Childhood Obesity in America

Childhood Obesity in America

Introduction

Obesity refers to health condition where fat in the body is excess. The Body Mass Index (BMI) is extensively utilized as the screening procedure to determine the existence of the disease. Moreover, childhood obesity is long-term and immediate effects on emotional, social, and physical health (Sahoo et al. 187). For instance, children having this condition are more likely to suffer from other diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, depression and different forms of cancers.  The proportion of children suffering from obesity in the United States has increased by threefold since the 1970s from 5.2 percent to 16.9 percent in 2012. Statistics from 2015-2016 indicated that about 20 percent of school going children aged between 6 to 19 years are affected by the disease (Baidal et al. 761). Children in the age group 12-19 years have the highest risk of obesity while those between 2 and 5 years have the lowest risks (Ogden et al. 806). For this reason, childhood obesity is a serious public health issue in the country.

A wide range of risk factors is associated with childhood obesity. Some of these include the degree of physical activity, lifestyle and parent BMI and nighttime sleep duration. Research has indicated that such factors are linked to overweight. For instance, poor diet having huge levels of sugar and fat, and less amount of nutrients contributes to children overweight which subsequently develops to obesity (Baidal et al. 761). Soft drinks, candy, and fast food are major dietary risk factors for childhood obesity. Similarly, convenience foods including canned pasta, salty snacks, and frozen dinners can also lead to harmful gaining of weight. On the other hand, parents whose BMI is high are more likely to have children who are overweight or obese. However, the key reason for childhood obesity is a permutation of the low degree of exercise and high-energy food intake (Brownell and Timothy eds. 13). Reports have also underlined that psychological issues may be a source of childhood obesity. For instance, teenagers or kids who are depressed, stressed, or bored may eat a huge amount of food to deal with negative emotions (Ogden et al. 806).

Healthy food is so much more expensive

Health food is much more expensive in th

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